Neurocentre Magendie

Francesca PANIN

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2 publication(s) depuis Mars 2012:

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03/01/2014 | Science   IF 37.2
Pregnenolone can protect the brain from cannabis intoxication.
Vallee M, Vitiello S, Bellocchio L, Hebert-Chatelain E, Monlezun S, Martin-Garcia E, Kasanetz F, Baillie GL, Panin F, Cathala A, Roullot-Lacarriere V, Fabre S, Hurst DP, Lynch DL, Shore DM, Deroche-Gamonet V, Spampinato U, Revest JM, Maldonado R, Reggio PH, Ross RA, Marsicano G, Piazza PV

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Pregnenolone is considered the inactive precursor of all steroid hormones, and its potential functional effects have been largely uninvestigated. The administration of the main active principle of Cannabis sativa (marijuana), Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), substantially increases the synthesis of pregnenolone in the brain via activation of the type-1 cannabinoid (CB1) receptor. Pregnenolone then, acting as a signaling-specific inhibitor of the CB1 receptor, reduces several effects of THC. This negative feedback mediated by pregnenolone reveals a previously unknown paracrine/autocrine loop protecting the brain from CB1 receptor overactivation that could open an unforeseen approach for the treatment of cannabis intoxication and addiction.

03/2012 | J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods   IF 2.2
Coupled intracerebral microdialysis and electrophysiology for the assessment of dopamine neuron function in vivo.
Panin F, Cathala A, Piazza PV, Spampinato U

INTRODUCTION: The central dopaminergic system is involved in the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric disorders. Intracerebral microdialysis and electrophysiology provide two powerful techniques to investigate dopamine (DA) function and the mechanism of action of psychotropic drugs in vivo. METHODS: Here, we developed a protocol allowing the combined measurement of neurochemical and electrical activities of the nigrostriatal and mesoaccumbens DA pathways, by coupling in vivo microdialysis and electrophysiology in the same isoflurane-anesthetized animal. DA neuron firing rate and burst firing were measured in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA), whereas extracellular levels of DA and its main metabolite 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) were monitored in the striatum and the nucleus accumbens (NAc). The validity of the protocol was assessed using various drugs known to modify DA neuron activity in vivo. RESULTS: The peripheral administration of the DA-D2 agonist quinpirole decreased SNc DA neuron firing rate and burst firing, as well as DA and DOPAC outflow in the rat striatum. Opposite effects were observed after the peripheral administration of the DA-D2 antagonist haloperidol. In rats and mice, the peripheral administration of cocaine elicited a decrease in VTA DA neuron firing rate and burst firing, and an increase in accumbal DA outflow, paralleled by a reduction in DOPAC outflow. DISCUSSION: The obtained results, confirming previous electrophysiological and microdialysis studies, demonstrate that this protocol provides a suitable method for the study of DA neuron function and the mechanism of action of psychotropic drugs in the living brain of both rats and mice.