Neurocentre Magendie

Caterina CATANIA

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8 publication(s) depuis Septembre 2005:

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13/03/2018 | Brain Behav Immun   IF 6
mTORC1 pathway disruption abrogates the effects of the ciliary neurotrophic factor on energy balance and hypothalamic neuroinflammation.
Andre C, Catania C, Remus-Borel J, Ladeveze E, Leste-Lasserre T, Mazier W, Binder E, Gonzales D, Clark S, Guzman-Quevedo O, Abrous DN, Laye S, Cota D

Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) potently decreases food intake and body weight in diet-induced obese mice by acting through neuronal circuits and pathways located in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus. CNTF also exerts pro-inflammatory actions within the brain. Here we tested whether CNTF modifies energy balance by inducing inflammatory responses in the ARC and whether these effects depend upon the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway, which regulates both energy metabolism and inflammation. To this purpose, chow- and high fat diet (HFD)- fed mice lacking the S6 kinase 1 (S6K1(-/-)), a downstream target of mTORC1, and their wild-type (WT) littermates received 12 days continuous intracerebroventricular (icv) infusion of the CNTF analogue axokine (CNTFAx15). Behavioral, metabolic and molecular effects were evaluated. Central chronic administration of CNTFAx15 decreased body weight and feed efficiency in WT mice only, when fed HFD, but not chow. These metabolic effects correlated with increased number of iba-1 positive microglia specifically in the ARC and were accompanied by significant increases of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha mRNA expression in the hypothalamus. Hypothalamic iNOS and SOCS3 mRNA, molecular markers of pro-inflammatory response, were also increased by CNTFAx15. All these changes were absent in S6K1(-/-) mice. This study reveals that CNTFAx15 requires a functional S6K1 to modulate energy balance and hypothalamic inflammation in a diet-dependent fashion. Further investigations should determine whether S6K1 is a suitable target for the treatment of pathologies characterized by a high neuroinflammatory state.

28/09/2010 | Int J Obes (Lond)   IF 5.5
mTORC1 signaling in energy balance and metabolic disease.
Catania C, Binder E, Cota D

The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway regulates cellular

01/2009 | Mol Psychiatry   IF 13.2
The amyloidogenic potential and behavioral correlates of stress
Catania C, Sotiropoulos I, Silva R, Onofri C, Breen K C, Sousa N, Almeida O F

Observations of elevated basal cortisol levels in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients prompted the hypothesis that stress and glucocorticoids (GC) may contribute to the development and/or maintenance of AD. Consistent with that hypothesis, we show that stress and GC provoke misprocessing of amyloid precursor peptide in the rat hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, resulting in increased levels of the peptide C-terminal fragment 99 (C99), whose further proteolytic cleavage results in the generation of amyloid-beta (Abeta). We also show that exogenous Abeta can reproduce the effects of stress and GC on C99 production and that a history of stress strikingly potentiates the C99-inducing effects of Abeta and GC. Previous work has indicated a role for Abeta in disruption of synaptic function and cognitive behaviors, and AD patients reportedly show signs of heightened anxiety. Here, behavioral analysis revealed that like stress and GC, Abeta administration causes spatial memory deficits that are exacerbated by stress and GC; additionally, Abeta, stress and GC induced a state of hyperanxiety. Given that the intrinsic properties of C99 and Abeta include neuroendangerment and behavioral impairment, our findings suggest a causal role for stress and GC in the etiopathogenesis of AD, and demonstrate that stressful life events and GC therapy can have a cumulative impact on the course of AD development and progression.

11/2008 | J Neurochem   IF 4.1
Human ProNGF: biological effects and binding profiles at TrkA, P75NTR and sortilin
Clewes O, Fahey M S, Tyler S J, Watson J J, Seok H, Catania C, Cho K, Dawbarn D, Allen S J

Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes cell survival via binding to the tyrosine kinase receptor A (TrkA). Its precursor, proNGF, binds to p75(NTR) and sortilin receptors to initiate apoptosis. Current disagreement exists over whether proNGF acts neurotrophically following binding to TrkA. As in Alzheimer's disease the levels of proNGF increase and TrkA decrease, it is important to clarify the properties of proNGF. Here, wild-type and cleavage-resistant mutated forms (M) of proNGF were engineered and their binding characteristics determined. M-proNGF and NGF bound to p75(NTR) with similar affinities, whilst M-proNGF had a lower affinity than NGF for TrkA. M-proNGF behaved neurotrophically, albeit less effectively than NGF. M-proNGF addition resulted in phosphorylation of TrkA and ERK1/2, and in PC12 cells elicited neurite outgrowth and supported cell survival. Conversely, M-proNGF addition to cultured cortical neurons initiated caspase 3 cleavage. Importantly, these biological effects were shown to be mediated by unprocessed M-proNGF. Surprisingly, binding of the pro region alone to TrkA, at a site other than that of NGF, caused TrkA and ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Our data show that M-proNGF stimulates TrkA to a lesser degree than NGF, suggesting that in Alzheimer brain the increased proNGF : NGF and p75(NTR) : TrkA ratios may permit apoptotic effects to predominate over neurotrophic effects.

10/2008 | J Neurochem   IF 4.1
Glucocorticoids trigger Alzheimer disease-like pathobiochemistry in rat neuronal cells expressing human tau
Sotiropoulos I, Catania C, Riedemann T, Fry J P, Breen K C, Michaelidis T M, Almeida O F

Amyloid precursor protein (APP) mis-processing and aberrant tau hyperphosphorylation are causally related to the pathogenesis and neurodegenerative processes that characterize Alzheimer's disease (AD). Abnormal APP metabolism leads to the generation of neurotoxic amyloid beta (Abeta), whereas tau hyperphosphorylation culminates in cytoskeletal disturbances, neuronal dysfunction and death. Many AD patients hypersecrete glucocorticoids (GC) while neuronal structure, function and survival are adversely influenced by elevated GC levels. We report here that a rat neuronal cell line (PC12) engineered to express the human ortholog of the tau protein (PC12-htau) becomes more vulnerable to the toxic effects of either Abeta or GC treatment. Importantly, APP metabolism in GC-treated PC12-htau cells is selectively shifted towards increased production of the pro-amyloidogenic peptide C99. Further, GC treatment results in hyperphosphorylation of human tau at AD-relevant sites, through the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (E.C. and GSK3 (E.C. protein kinases. Pulse-chase experiments revealed that GC treatment increased the stability of tau protein rather than its de novo synthesis. GC treatment also induced accumulation of transiently expressed EGFP-tau in the neuronal perikarya. Together with previous evidence showing that Abeta can activate cyclin-dependent kinase 5 and GSK3, these results uncover a potential mechanism through which GC may contribute to AD neuropathology.

09/2008 | J Psychiatr Res   IF 4.2
Effects of altered corticosteroid milieu on rat hippocampal neurochemistry and structure--an in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging study
Schubert M I, Kalisch R, Sotiropoulos I, Catania C, Sousa N, Almeida O F, Auer D P


08/2008 | Neurosci Biobehav Rev   IF 8.3
Stress and glucocorticoid footprints in the brain-the path from depression to Alzheimer's disease
Sotiropoulos I, Cerqueira J J, Catania C, Takashima A, Sousa N, Almeida O F

Increasingly, stress is recognized as a trigger of depressive episodes and recent evidence suggests a causal role of stress in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Besides aging, sex is an important determinant of prevalence rates for both AD and mood disorders. In light of a recent meta-analysis indicating that depressed subjects have a higher likelihood of developing AD, a key message in this article will be that both depression and AD are stress-related disorders and may represent a continuum that should receive more attention in future neurobiological studies. Accordingly, this review considers some of the cellular mechanisms that may be involved in regulating this transition threshold. In addition, it highlights the importance of addressing the question of how aging and sex interplay with stress to influence mood and cognition, with a bias towards consideration of neuroplastic events in particular brain regions, as the basis of AD and depressive disorders.

09/2005 | J Psychiatr Res   IF 4.2
Corticosteroid status influences the volume of the rat cingulate cortex - a magnetic resonance imaging study
Cerqueira J J, Catania C, Sotiropoulos I, Schubert M, Kalisch R, Almeida O F, Auer D P, Sousa N

Imbalances in the corticosteroid milieu result in reductions in hippocampal volume in humans and experimental rodents. The functional correlates of these changes include deficits in cognitive performance and regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Since other limbic structures which are intricately connected with the hippocampal formation, also play an important role in behavioural and neuroendocrine functions, we here used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to analyse how two of these areas, the anterior cingulate and retrosplenial cortex, respond to chronic alterations of adrenocortical status: hypocortisolism (induced by adrenalectomy, ADX), normocortisolism (ADX with low-dose corticosterone replacement), and hypercortisolism (ADX with high-dose dexamethasone supplementation). Hypercortisolism was associated with a significant reduction in the volume (absolute and normalized) of the left anterior cingulate gyrus as measured by MRI and confirmed using classical histological methods; a similar trend was observed in the right anterior cingulate region. In contrast, hypercortisolism did not influence the volume of the adjacent retrosplenial cortex. The volumes of the anterior cingulate gyrus and retrosplenial cortex were unaffected by the absence of adrenocortical hormones. These findings are the first to suggest that corticosteroid influences on the structure of the limbic system extend beyond the hippocampal formation, i.e., to fronto-limbic areas also.