Neurocentre Magendie

Nazzareno CANNELLA

20 publication(s) depuis Janvier 2007:

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02/2017 | Neuropsychopharmacology   IF 6.4
Individual Variations in the Mechanisms of Nicotine Seeking: A Key for Research on Nicotine Dependence.
Garcia-Rivas V, Cannella N, Deroche-Gamonet V


15/03/2016 | Biol Psychiatry   IF 11.4
Activation of Hypocretin-1/Orexin-A Neurons Projecting to the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis and Paraventricular Nucleus Is Critical for Reinstatement of Alcohol Seeking by Neuropeptide S.
Ubaldi M, Giordano A, Severi I, Li H, Kallupi M, de Guglielmo G, Ruggeri B, Stopponi S, Ciccocioppo R, Cannella N

BACKGROUND: Environmental conditioning is a major trigger for relapse in abstinent addicts. We showed that activation of the neuropeptide S (NPS) system exacerbates reinstatement vulnerability to cocaine and alcohol via stimulation of the hypocretin-1/orexin-A (Hcrt-1/Ox-A) system. METHODS: Combining pharmacologic manipulations with immunohistochemistry techniques, we sought to determine how NPS and Hcrt-1/Ox-A systems interact to modulate reinstatement of alcohol seeking in rats. RESULTS: Intrahypothalamic injection of NPS facilitated discriminative cue-induced reinstatement of alcohol seeking. This effect was blocked by the selective Hcrt-1/Ox-A antagonist SB334867 microinjected into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) or into the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) but not into the ventral tegmental area or the locus coeruleus. Combining double labeling and confocal microscopy analyses, we found that NPS-containing axons are in close apposition to hypothalamic Hcrt-1/Ox-A positive neurons, a significant proportion of which express NPS receptors, suggesting a direct interaction between the two systems. Retrograde tracing experiments showed that intra-PVN or intra-BNST red fluorobead unilateral injection labeled bilaterally Hcrt-1/Ox-A somata, suggesting that NPS could recruit two distinct neuronal pathways. Confirming this assumption, intra-BNST or PVN Hcrt-1/Ox-A injection enhanced alcohol seeking similarly to hypothalamic NPS injection but to a lesser degree. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that the Hcrt-1/Ox-A neurocircuitry mediating the facilitation of cue-induced reinstatement by NPS involves structures critically involved in stress regulation such as the PVN and the BNST. These findings open to the tempting hypothesis of a role of the NPS system in modulating the interactions between stress and environmental conditioning factors in drug relapse.

2016 | Prog Brain Res   IF 2.7
Emerging targets for addiction neuropharmacology: From mechanisms to therapeutics.
Ubaldi M, Cannella N, Ciccocioppo R

Drug abuse represents a considerable burden of disease and has enormous economic impacts on societies. Over the years, few medications have been developed for clinical use. Their utilization is endowed with several limitations, including partial efficacy or significant side effects. On the other hand, the successful advancement of these compounds provides an important proof of concept for the feasibility of drug development programs in addiction. In recent years, a wealth of information has been generated on the psychological mechanisms, genetic or epigenetic predisposing factors, and neurobiological adaptations induced by drug consumption that interact with each other to contribute to disease progression. It is now clear that addiction develops through phases, from initial recreational use to excessive consumption and compulsive drug seeking, with a shift from positive to negative reinforcement driving motivated behaviors. A greater understanding of these mechanisms has opened new vistas in drug development programs. Researchers' attention has been shifted from investigation of classical targets associated with reward to biological substrates responsible for negative reinforcement, impulse loss of control, and maladaptive mechanisms resulting from protracted drug use. From this research, several new biological targets for the development of innovative therapies have started to emerge. This chapter offers an overview of targets currently under scrutiny for the development of new medications for addiction. This work is not exhaustive but rather it provides a few examples of how this research has advanced in recent years by virtue of studies carried out in our laboratory.

2014 | Front Behav Neurosci   IF 3.1
CREB activity in dopamine D1 receptor expressing neurons regulates cocaine-induced behavioral effects.
Bilbao A, Rieker C, Cannella N, Parlato R, Golda S, Piechota M, Korostynski M, Engblom D, Przewlocki R, Schutz G, Spanagel R, Parkitna JR

It is suggested that striatal cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) regulates sensitivity to psychostimulants. To test the cell-specificity of this hypothesis we examined the effects of a dominant-negative CREB protein variant expressed in dopamine receptor D1 (D1R) neurons on cocaine-induced behaviors. A transgenic mouse strain was generated by pronuclear injection of a BAC-derived transgene harboring the A-CREB sequence under the control of the D1R gene promoter. Compared to wild-type, drug-naive mutants showed moderate alterations in gene expression, especially a reduction in basal levels of activity-regulated transcripts such as Arc and Egr2. The behavioral responses to cocaine were elevated in mutant mice. Locomotor activity after acute treatment, psychomotor sensitization after intermittent drug injections and the conditioned locomotion after saline treatment were increased compared to wild-type littermates. Transgenic mice had significantly higher cocaine conditioned place preference, displayed normal extinction of the conditioned preference, but showed an augmented cocaine-seeking response following priming-induced reinstatement. This enhanced cocaine-seeking response was associated with increased levels of activity-regulated transcripts and prodynorphin. The primary reinforcing effects of cocaine were not altered in the mutant mice as they did not differ from wild-type in cocaine self-administration under a fixed ratio schedule at the training dose. Collectively, our data indicate that expression of a dominant-negative CREB variant exclusively in neurons expressing D1R is sufficient to recapitulate the previously reported behavioral phenotypes associated with virally expressed dominant-negative CREB.

09/2013 | Neuropsychopharmacology   IF 6.4
The mGluR2/3 agonist LY379268 induced anti-reinstatement effects in rats exhibiting addiction-like behavior.
Cannella N, Halbout B, Uhrig S, Evrard L, Corsi M, Corti C, Deroche-Gamonet V, Hansson AC, Spanagel R

Medication development for cocaine-addicted patients is difficult, and many promising preclinical candidates have failed in clinical trials. One reason for the difficulty in translating preclinical findings to the human condition is that drug testing is typically conducted in behavioral procedures in which animals do not show addiction-like traits. Recently, a DSM-IV-based animal model has been developed that allows studying the transition to an addiction-like behavior. Changes in synaptic plasticity are involved in the transition to cocaine addiction. In particular, it has been shown that metabotropic glutamate receptor 2/3 (mGluR2/3)-mediated long-term depression is suppressed in the prelimbic cortex in addict-like rats. We therefore hypothesized that cocaine-seeking in addict-like rats could be treated with an mGluR2/3 agonist. Indeed, addict-like rats that were treated systemically with the mGluR2/3 agonist LY379268 (0, 0.3, and 3 mg/kg) showed a pronounced reduction in cue-induced reinstatement of cocaine-seeking. In an attempt to dissect the role played by mGluR2 and mGluR3 in cue-induced reinstatement, we analyzed the mRNA expression patterns in several relevant brain areas but did not find any significant differences between cocaine addict-like and non-addict-like rats, suggesting that the behavioral differences observed are due to translational rather than transcriptional regulation. Another possibility to study the contributions of mGluR2 and mGluR3 in mediating addictive-like behavior is the use of knockout models. Because mGluR2 knockouts cannot be used in operant procedures due to motoric impairment, we only tested mGluR3 knockouts. These mice did not differ from controls in reinstatement, suggesting that mGluR2 receptors are critical in mediating addictive-like behavior.

08/2013 | alcohol clin exp res   IF 2.7
Activation of PPARgamma by pioglitazone potentiates the effects of naltrexone on alcohol drinking and relapse in msP rats.
Stopponi S, de Guglielmo G, Somaini L, Cippitelli A, Cannella N, Kallupi M, Ubaldi M, Heilig M, Demopulos G, Gaitanaris G, Ciccocioppo R

BACKGROUND: Pioglitazone is a selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist used for the treatment of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Previous studies conducted in our laboratory showed that activation of PPARgamma by pioglitazone reduces alcohol drinking, stress-induced relapse, and alcohol withdrawal syndrome in rats. Pioglitazone was not able to prevent relapse elicited by alcohol cues. Conversely, the nonselective opioid antagonist naltrexone has been shown to reduce alcohol drinking and cue- but not stress-induced relapse in rodents. METHODS: Based on these findings, this study was sought to determine the efficacy of pioglitazone and naltrexone combination on alcohol intake and relapse behavior. Genetically selected alcohol-preferring Marchigian Sardinian (msP) rats were used for the study. RESULTS: Pioglitazone (10 and 30 mg/kg) and naltrexone (0.25 and 1.0 mg/kg) each individually reduced alcohol drinking in msP rats. The combination of the 2 drugs resulted in a more potent alcohol drinking reduction than single agents. Confirming previous studies, pioglitazone (10 and 30 mg/kg) significantly reduced relapse induced by the pharmacological stressor yohimbine (1.25 mg/kg) but not by cues predictive of alcohol availability. Conversely, naltrexone reduced reinstatement of drug seeking elicited by alcohol cues but not by yohimbine. CONCLUSIONS: The drug combination was effective in reducing both relapse behaviors. These findings open new vistas in the use pioglitazone in combination with naltrexone for the treatment of alcoholism.

03/2013 | Psychopharmacology (Berl)   IF 3.3
Hypothalamic neuropeptide S receptor blockade decreases discriminative cue-induced reinstatement of cocaine seeking in the rat.
Kallupi M, de Guglielmo G, Cannella N, Li HW, Calo G, Guerrini R, Ubaldi M, Renger JJ, Uebele VN, Ciccocioppo R

RATIONALE: Previous studies have shown that activation of brain neuropeptide S receptor (NPSR) facilitates reinstatement of cocaine seeking elicited by environmental cues predictive of drug availability. This finding suggests the possibility that blockade of NPSR receptors may be of therapeutic benefit in cocaine addiction. To evaluate this hypothesis, we investigated the effect of two newly synthetized NPSR antagonists, namely the quinolinone-amide derivative NPSR-QA1 and the NPS peptidic analogue [D-Cys(tBu)(5)]NPS on cocaine self-administration and on discriminative cue-induced relapse to cocaine seeking in the rat. METHODS: Separate groups of rats self-administered food and cocaine 0.25 mg/kg/inf in FR1 and FR5 (fixed ratio reinforcement schedules) for 30-min and 2-h sessions per day. After food and cocaine intake reached baseline levels, the effect of NPSR-QA1 was tested on cocaine and food self-administration. The NPSR-QA1 was injected intraperitoneally and its effect on discriminative cue-induced reinstatement was evaluated, while [D-Cys(tBut)(5)]NPS was injected intracranially, intra-lateral hypothalamus, intra-perifornical area of the hypothalamus, and intra-central amygdala. The effect of the NPSR-QA1 on extinction of cocaine seeking was also assessed. RESULTS: Intraperitoneal administration of NPSR-QA1 (15-30 mg/kg) did not affect cocaine self-administration. Conversely, NPSR-QA1 (15-30 mg/kg) decreased discriminative cue-induced cocaine relapse. At the lowest dose, this effect was specific, while at the highest dose, NPSR-QA1 also reduced food self-administration. The efficacy of NPSR antagonism on cocaine seeking was confirmed with [D-Cys(tBu)(5)]NPS (10-30 nmol/rat) as it markedly inhibited relapse behavior following site-specific injection into the lateral hypothalamus and the perifornical area of the hypothalamus but not into the central amygdala. CONCLUSIONS: The identification of the NPS/NPSR system as an important new element involved in the physiopathology of cocaine addiction and the discovery of the anti-addictive properties of NPSR antagonists opens the possibility of exploring a new mechanism for cocaine addiction treatment.

01/2013 | Prog Neurobiol   IF 13.2
The role of the neuropeptide S system in addiction: focus on its interaction with the CRF and hypocretin/orexin neurotransmission.
Cannella N, Kallupi M, Ruggeri B, Ciccocioppo R, Ubaldi M

Recent behavioral, pharmacological and molecular findings have linked the NPS system to drug dependence. Most of the evidence supports the possibility that increased NPS activity may contribute to shaping vulnerability to addiction, especially relapse. However, data suggesting that the anxiolytic-like properties of NPS may have protective effects on addiction have been also published. In addition, evidence from conditioned place preference experiments, though not unequivocal, suggests that NPS per se is devoid of motivational properties. Intriguingly, several effects of NPS on drugs of abuse appear to be mediated by downstream activation of brain corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) and hypocretin-1/orexin-A (Hcrt-1/Ox-A) systems. The major objective of the present article is to review the existing work on NPS and addiction. Particular attention is devoted to the interpretation of findings revealing complex neuroanatomical and functional interactions between NPS, CRF, and the Hcrt-1/Ox-A systems. Original data aimed at shedding light on the role of NPS in reward processing are also shown. Finally, existing findings are discussed within the framework of addiction theories, and the potential of the NPS system as a treatment target for addiction is analyzed.

03/2012 | Psychopharmacology (Berl)   IF 3.3
Pregabalin reduces alcohol drinking and relapse to alcohol seeking in the rat.
Stopponi S, Somaini L, Cippitelli A, de Guglielmo G, Kallupi M, Cannella N, Gerra G, Massi M, Ciccocioppo R

RATIONALE: Pregabalin (Lyrica) is a structural analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) approved by FDA for partial epilepsy, neuropathic pain and recently generalized anxiety disorder. While the exact cellular mechanism of action of pregabalin is still unclear, evidence from several studies suggests that it reduces excitatory neurotransmitter release and postsynaptic excitability. OBJECTIVES: Based on these mechanisms we sought interesting to evaluate the effect of pregabalin on alcohol-abuse-related behaviours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this purpose, using genetically selected alcohol-preferring Marchigian Sardinian (msP) rats, we evaluated the effect of pregabalin on alcohol drinking and relapse to alcohol seeking elicited by environmental conditioning factors or stress. RESULTS: Our results showed that treatment with pregabalin (0, 10, 30 and 60 mg/kg) given orally selectively reduced home cage alcohol drinking in msP rat. This effect was confirmed in self-administration experiments where pregabalin (0, 10 and 30 mg/kg) significantly reduced operant responding for alcohol but not for food. Using alcohol reinstatement models we also found that pregabalin (0, 10 and 30 mg/kg) abolished seeking behaviour elicited by the pharmacological stressor yohimbine as well as cues predictive of alcohol availability. CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrate that pregabalin may have potential in the treatment of alcohol addiction.

01/04/2011 | Biol Psychiatry   IF 11.4
Activation of nuclear PPARgamma receptors by the antidiabetic agent pioglitazone suppresses alcohol drinking and relapse to alcohol seeking.
Stopponi S, Somaini L, Cippitelli A, Cannella N, Braconi S, Kallupi M, Ruggeri B, Heilig M, Demopulos G, Gaitanaris G, Massi M, Ciccocioppo R

BACKGROUND: Pioglitazone and rosiglitazone belong to the class of thiazolidinediones (TZDs). They were first developed as antioxidants and then approved for the clinical treatment of insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. TZDs bind with high affinity and activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) receptors, which in the brain are expressed both in neurons and in glia. METHODS: We evaluated the effect of PPARgamma activation by TZDs on alcohol drinking, relapse-like behavior, and withdrawal in the rat. We also tested the effect of TZDs on alcohol and saccharin self-administration. RESULTS: We showed that activation of PPARgamma receptors by pioglitazone (0, 10, and 30 mg/kg) and rosiglitazone (0, 10 and 30 mg/kg) given orally selectively reduced alcohol drinking. The effect was blocked by pretreatment with the selective PPARgamma antagonist GW9662 (5 mug/rat) given into the lateral cerebroventricle, suggesting that this TZD's effect is mediated by PPARgamma receptors in the central nervous system. Pioglitazone abolished reinstatement of alcohol seeking, a relapse-like behavior, induced by yohimbine, a pharmacologic stressor, but did not affect cue-induced relapse. In the self-administration experiments, pioglitazone reduced lever pressing for alcohol but not for saccharin. Finally, pioglitazone prevented the expression of somatic signs of alcohol withdrawal. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide new information about the role of brain PPARgamma receptors and identify pioglitazone as candidate treatments for alcoholism and possibly other addictions.