Neurocentre Magendie

Delphine HAMEL




11 publication(s) depuis Juin 2007:


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04/2017 | cerebellum   IF 3.2
Cerebellar Assessment in Early Multiple Sclerosis.
Moroso A, Ruet A, Deloire M, Lamargue-Hamel D, Cubizolle S, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Brochet B

Abstract:
Cerebellar impairment is frequent and predictive of disability in multiple sclerosis (MS). The Nine-Hole Peg Test (NHPT) is commonly used to assess cerebellar symptoms despite its lack of specificity for cerebellar ataxia. Eye-tracking is a reliable test for identifying subtle cerebellar symptoms and could be used in clinical trials, including those involving early MS patients. To evaluate, by the use of eye-tracking, the accuracy of the NHPT in detecting subtle cerebellar symptoms in patients with clinically isolated syndrome with a high risk of conversion to MS (HR-CIS). Twenty-nine patients and 13 matched healthy controls (HC) underwent an eye-tracking protocol. Cerebellar impairment was defined by registration of saccadic intrusions or at least 10 % dysmetria in a saccadic movement recording. These criteria were compared to NHPT performance. Sixteen patients fulfilled saccadic criteria for cerebellar impairment. NHPT performance was significantly increased in HR-CIS patients (p < 0.01) versus HC. However, NHPT performance did not differ between cerebellar and non-cerebellar groups. NHPT performance with the dominant hand could differentiate patients, particularly cerebellar patients, from HC, but it could not discriminate cerebellar from non-cerebellar patients who were classified according to saccadic criteria. These findings should be considered in future clinical trials involving HR-CIS patients.




27/10/2016 | J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry
Posterior lobules of the cerebellum and information processing speed at various stages of multiple sclerosis.
Moroso A, Ruet A, Lamargue-Hamel D, Munsch F, Deloire M, Coupe P, Ouallet JC, Planche V, Moscufo N, Meier DS, Tourdias T, Guttmann CR, Dousset V, Brochet B

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar damage has been implicated in information processing speed (IPS) impairment associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) that might result from functional disconnection in the frontocerebellar loop. Structural alterations in individual posterior lobules, in which cognitive functioning seems preponderant, are still unknown. Our aim was to investigate the impact of grey matter (GM) volume alterations in lobules VI to VIIIb on IPS in persons with clinically isolated syndrome (PwCIS), MS (PwMS) and healthy subjects (HS). METHODS: 69 patients (37 PwCIS, 32 PwMS) and 36 HS underwent 3 T MRI including 3-dimensional T1-weighted MRIs. Cerebellum lobules were segmented using SUIT V.3.0 to estimate their normalised GM volume. Neuropsychological testing was performed to assess IPS and main cognitive functions. RESULTS: Normalised GM volumes were significantly different between PwMS and HS for the right (p<0.001) and left lobule VI (p<0.01), left crus I, right VIIb and entire cerebellum (p<0.05 for each comparison) and between PwMS and PwCIS for all lobules in subregions VI and left crus I (p<0.05). IPS, attention and working memory were impaired in PwMS compared with PwCIS. In the whole population of patients (PwMS and PwCIS), GM loss in vermis VI (R2=0.36; p<0.05 when considering age and T2 lesion volume as covariates) were associated with IPS impairment. CONCLUSIONS: GM volume decrease in posterior lobules (especially vermis VI) was associated with reduced IPS. Our results suggest a significant impact of posterior lobules pathology in corticocerebellar loop disruption resulting in automation and cognitive optimisation lack in MS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrail NCT01207856, NCT01865357; Pre-results.




25/10/2016 | Mult Scler   IF 4.5
Hippocampal microstructural damage correlates with memory impairment in clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis.
Planche V, Ruet A, Coupe P, Lamargue-Hamel D, Deloire M, Pereira B, Manjon JV, Munsch F, Moscufo N, Meier DS, Guttmann CR, Dousset V, Brochet B, Tourdias T

Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) could reveal early hippocampal damage and clinically relevant correlates of memory impairment in persons with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A total of 37 persons with CIS, 32 with MS and 36 controls prospectively included from 2011 to 2014 were tested for cognitive performances and scanned with 3T-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess volumetric and DTI changes within the hippocampus, whole brain volume and T2-lesion load. RESULTS: While there was no hippocampal atrophy in the CIS group, hippocampal fractional anisotropy (FA) was significantly decreased compared to controls. Decrease in hippocampal FA together with increased mean diffusivity (MD) was even more prominent in MS patients. In CIS, hippocampal MD was correlated with episodic verbal memory performance (r = -0.57, p = 0.0002 and odds ratio (OR) = 0.058, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.0057-0.59, p = 0.016 adjusted for age, gender, depression and T2-lesion load), but not with cognitive tasks unrelated to hippocampal functions. Hippocampal MD was the only variable discriminating memory-impaired from memory-preserved persons with CIS (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.77, sensitivity = 90.0%, specificity = 70.3%, positive predictive value (PPV) = 52.9%, negative predictive value (NPV) = 95.0%). CONCLUSION: DTI alterations within the hippocampus might reflect early neurodegenerative processes that are correlated with episodic memory performance, discriminating persons with CIS according to their memory status.




15/12/2015 | J Neurol Sci   IF 2.3
Cognitive evaluation by tasks in a virtual reality environment in multiple sclerosis.
Lamargue-Hamel D, Deloire M, Saubusse A, Ruet A, Taillard J, Philip P, Brochet B

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: The assessment of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) requires large neuropsychological batteries that assess numerous domains. The relevance of these assessments to daily cognitive functioning is not well established. Cognitive ecological evaluation has not been frequently studied in MS. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the interest of cognitive evaluation in a virtual reality environment in a sample of persons with MS with cognitive deficits. METHODS: Thirty persons with MS with at least moderate cognitive impairment were assessed with two ecological evaluations, an in-house developed task in a virtual reality environment (Urban DailyCog(R)) and a divided attention task in a driving simulator. Classical neuropsychological testing was also used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Fifty-two percent of the persons with MS failed the driving simulator task and 80% failed the Urban DailyCog(R). Virtual reality assessments are promising in identifying cognitive impairment in MS.




15/12/2014 | J Neurol Sci   IF 2.3
Information processing speed impairment and cerebellar dysfunction in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Ruet A, Hamel D, Deloire MS, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Brochet B

Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to study the relationship between information processing speed (IPS) impairment and motor testing that reflects cerebellar function in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). METHODS: 60 persons with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis with a mean disease duration of 4.2 +/- 4 years were studied cross-sectionally. Motor cerebellar functioning was studied using the Nine-Hole Peg Test (NHPT) and the Kurtzke Functional Status Scales, and several cognitive domains were evaluated (IPS, working memory, episodic memory, attention, executive function). Correlations between the global NHPT score and neuropsychological test scores or impairment in each cognitive domain were studied using univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: The NHPT and a test of IPS significantly differentiated PwMS with and without cerebellar impairment. The NHPT total score was correlated with measures of IPS. Multivariate analyses showed a correlation between the NHPT and measures of IPS, but not between the NHPT and other neuropsychological tests that did not have a speed component. CONCLUSION: In this sample of PwMS, motor cerebellar impairment assessed by the NHPT was correlated with IPS impairment.




16/04/2013 | Neurology   IF 7.6
Cognitive impairment differs between primary progressive and relapsing-remitting MS.
Ruet A, Deloire M , Charre-Morin J , Hamel D , Brochet B

Abstract:
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the cognitive abilities of patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) and relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) compared with healthy controls (HCs) matched for age, sex, and education level while considering the different characteristics of PPMS and RRMS and to compare the cognitive patterns of these types of multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Forty-one patients with PPMS, 60 patients with RRMS, and 415 HCs were recruited in a cross-sectional study. Controls were divided into 20 groups according to age, sex, and education level. Participants were assessed with a large battery of neuropsychological (NP) tests that included a modified version of the Brief Repeatable Battery, the Stroop test, computerized tests from the Test of Attentional Performance battery, the numerical span test, and the Rey Complex Figure. RESULTS: Patients with PPMS performed worse than their matched HCs on nearly all NP tests. Patients with RRMS performed worse than matched HCs on a computerized digit-symbol substitution task and the alertness test, reaction time for visual scanning, and Paced-Auditory Serial Addition Test-3 seconds. Patients with PPMS had worse NP scores and were more impaired in cognitive domains than patients with RRMS. After controlling for Expanded Disability Status Scale score, the results remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: The patients with PPMS presented with a wide range of cognitive deficits in information processing speed, attention, working memory, executive function, and verbal episodic memory, whereas the impairments in patients with RRMS were limited to information processing speed and working memory compared with their matched HCs. Cognitive deficits were more severe in patients with PPMS than in patients with RRMS.




04/03/2013 | Mult Scler   IF 4.5
A new computerised cognitive test for the detection of information processing speed impairment in multiple sclerosis.
Ruet A , Deloire MS , Charre-Morin J , Hamel D , Brochet B

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) primarily applies to information processing speed (IPS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate psychometric properties of a new digit/symbol substitution test in healthy subjects and patients with MS, and assess its ability to detect IPS impairment in patients with MS. METHODS: A sample of MS patients, 60 relapsing-remitting (RRMS) and 41 primary progressive MS (PPMS), and 415 healthy controls (HCs) underwent an IPS battery, including assessment of reaction times of subtests of the Test of Attentional Performance battery and a newly developed in-house digit/symbol substitution task, the Computerised Speed Cognitive Test (CSCT). The CSCT was additionally evaluated in a second cohort of 31 RRMS and 12 progressive MS patients, for comparison with the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT). RESULTS: The CSCT had good reliability in both HCs and patients with MS. It showed a weak practice effect at the 6-month time point. This test had good ecological validity in MS patients. There was a strong correlation between the CSCT with the SDMT and with other IPS tests in patients with MS. The CSCT had the best sensitivity for predicting IPS impairment and was one of the most accurate tests among the IPS battery. CONCLUSION: The CSCT appeared as a good candidate for detecting IPS impairment in MS patients.




Abstract:
The association between cognitive impairment, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and vocational status has been studied in recent years in cross-sectional studies in multiple sclerosis (MS), but longitudinal data are still lacking. This study assesses this association in a sample of 65 newly diagnosed MS patients followed longitudinally. Each patient underwent a standardised clinical assessment, cognitive tests and the HRQoL SEP-59 questionnaire six months after the MS diagnosis (baseline) and seven years later (y7).Vocational status was also established at baseline and at y7 in MS patients. The HRQoL at baseline was severely reduced in MS patients compared with healthy subjects. The independent predictors for HRQoL composite scores at y7 were the baseline depression score and the memory Z-score. Accordingly, 81.5 % of MS patients worked at baseline and only 54.4 % worked at y7. Among the MS patients who did not work at y7, 72.7 % of them were cognitively impaired, while 27.3 % were unimpaired at baseline. The vocational status at y7 was significantly associated with the baseline IPS Z-score, EDSS and age. Vocational status at y7 and its change over 7 years was significantly associated with cognitive deterioration. IPS or memory dysfunction in the early stages of MS is correlated with a decreased level in health perception, independent of fatigue, depression and physical disability. Cognitive impairment at the diagnosis of MS increases the risk of changing vocational status in MS patients seven years later.




29/03/2011 | Neurology   IF 7.6
MRI predictors of cognitive outcome in early multiple sclerosis.
Deloire MS, Ruet A, Hamel D, Bonnet M, Dousset V, Brochet B

Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine MRI predictors for cognitive outcome in patients with early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Forty-four patients recently diagnosed with clinically definite MS were followed up with clinical and cognitive evaluations at 1, 2, 5, and 7 years and underwent brain MRI including magnetization transfer (MT) imaging at baseline and 2 years. Cognitive evaluation was also performed in 56 matched healthy subjects at baseline. Cognitive testing included the Brief Repeatable Battery. Imaging parameters included lesion load, brain parenchymal fraction (BPF), ventricular fraction (VF), and mean MT ratio (MTR) of lesion and normal-appearing brain tissue (NABT) masks. RESULTS: At baseline, patients presented deficits of memory, attention, and information processing speed (IPS). Over 2 years, all magnetic resonance parameters deteriorated significantly. Over 7 years, Expanded Disability Status Scale score deteriorated significantly. Fifty percent of patients deteriorated on memory cognitive domain and 22.7%of patients on IPS domain. Seven-year change of memory scores was significantly associated with baseline diffuse brain damage (NABT MTR). IPS z score change over 7 years was correlated with baseline global atrophy (BPF), baseline diffuse brain damage, and central brain atrophy (VF) change over 2 years. CONCLUSION: The main predictors of cognitive changes over 7 years are baseline diffuse brain damage and progressive central brain atrophy over the 2 years after MS diagnosis.




05/2010 | Mult Scler   IF 4.5
Early cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis predicts disability outcome several years later.
Deloire M, Ruet A, Hamel D, Bonnet M, Brochet B

Abstract:
Cognition is frequently impaired in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). The predictive value of cognitive impairment on disability is unknown. The objective of this study was to correlate cognitive impairment and the progression of disability over 7 years. Forty-five patients, recruited after MS diagnosis, were followed for 7 years by yearly Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) evaluations and were classified as cognitively impaired (CI) or unimpaired (CU) according to neuropsychological testing at baseline. At baseline, 47.8% of patients were CI, with deficits in mainly memory and information processing speed (IPS). The baseline EDSS correlated significantly with one IPS test. The EDSS, but not the MSFC, deteriorated significantly over the 7 years in the whole group and the CI group, but not the CU group. A multivariate analysis showed correlations between the EDSS change over 5 and 7 years and two baseline tests evaluating IPS and verbal memory. The deterioration of the EDSS after 7 years was significantly correlated with verbal memory testing at baseline after adjustment for age and baseline EDSS. In conclusion, in this sample of MS patients early in the disease, the baseline IPS and verbal memory impairments predict the EDSS score 5 and 7 years later.