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Expertise: Multiple Sclerosis, Cognition, Imaging

160 publication(s) depuis Janvier 1987:

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Les IF indiqués ont été collectés par le Web of Sciences en

05/09/2019 | Brain   IF 11.8
Dynamic modular-level alterations of structural-functional coupling in clinically isolated syndrome.
Koubiyr I, Besson P, Deloire M, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Tourdias T, Brochet B, Ruet A

Structural and functional connectivity abnormalities have been reported previously in multiple sclerosis. However, little is known about how each modality evolution relates to the other. Recent studies in other neurological disorders have suggested that structural-functional coupling may be more sensitive in detecting brain alterations than any single modality. Accordingly, this study aimed to investigate the longitudinal evolution of structural-functional coupling, both at the global and modular levels, in the first year following clinically isolated syndrome. We hypothesized that during the course of multiple sclerosis, patients exhibit a decoupling between functional and structural connectivity due to the disruptive nature of the disease. Forty-one consecutive patients with clinically isolated syndrome were prospectively enrolled in this study, along with 19 age-, sex- and educational level-matched healthy control subjects. These participants were followed for 1 year and underwent resting-state functional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging at each time point, along with an extensive neuropsychological assessment. Graph theory analysis revealed structural reorganization at baseline that appeared as an increase in the clustering coefficient in patients compared to controls (P < 0.05), as well as modular-specific alterations. After 1 year of follow-up, both structural and functional reorganization was depicted with abnormal modular-specific connectivity and an increase of the functional betweenness centrality in patients compared to controls (P < 0.01). More importantly, structural-functional decoupling was observed in the salience, visual and somatomotor networks. These alterations were present along with preserved cognitive performance at this stage. These results depict structural damage preceding functional reorganization at a global and modular level during the first year following clinically isolated syndrome along with normal cognitive performance, suggesting a compensation mechanism at this stage of the disease. Principally, structural-functional decoupling observed for the first time in multiple sclerosis suggests that functional reorganization occurs along indirect anatomical pathways.

13/08/2019 | Neurology   IF 8.7
Comparative effectiveness of teriflunomide vs dimethyl fumarate in multiple sclerosis.
Laplaud DA, Casey R, Barbin L, Debouverie M, De Seze J, Brassat D, Wiertlewski S, Brochet B, Pelletier J, Vermersch P, Edan G, Lebrun-Frenay C, Clavelou P, Thouvenot E, Camdessanche JP, Tourbah A, Stankoff B, Al Khedr A, Cabre P, Lubetzki C, Papeix C, Berger E, Heinzlef O, Debroucker T, Moreau T, Gout O, Bourre B, Wahab A, Labauge P, Magy L, Defer G, Guennoc AM, Maubeuge N, Labeyrie C, Patry I, Nifle C, Casez O, Michel L, Rollot F, Leray E, Vukusic S, Foucher Y

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we compared the effectiveness of teriflunomide (TRF) and dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on both clinical and MRI outcomes in patients followed prospectively in the Observatoire Francais de la Sclerose en Plaques. METHODS: A total of 1,770 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) (713 on TRF and 1,057 on DMF) with an available baseline brain MRI were included in intention to treat. The 1- and 2-year postinitiation outcomes were relapses, increase of T2 lesions, increase in Expanded Disability Status Scale score, and reason for treatment discontinuation. Propensity scores (inverse probability weighting) and logistic regressions were estimated. RESULTS: The confounder-adjusted proportions of patients were similar in TRF- compared to DMF-treated patients for relapses and disability progression after 1 and 2 years. However, the adjusted proportion of patients with at least one new T2 lesion after 2 years was lower in DMF compared to TRF (60.8% vs 72.2%, odds ratio [OR] 0.60, p < 0.001). Analyses of reasons for treatment withdrawal showed that lack of effectiveness was reported for 8.5% of DMF-treated patients vs 14.5% of TRF-treated patients (OR 0.54, p < 0.001), while adverse events accounted for 16% of TRF-treated patients and 21% of DMF-treated patients after 2 years (OR 1.39, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: After 2 years of treatment, we found similar effectiveness of DMF and TRF in terms of clinical outcomes, but with better MRI-based outcomes for DMF-treated patients, resulting in a lower rate of treatment discontinuation due to lack of effectiveness. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class III evidence that for patients with RRMS, TRF and DMF have similar clinical effectiveness after 2 years of treatment.

31/05/2019 | Mult Scler   IF 5.6
Frequency and characteristics of short versus longitudinally extensive myelitis in adults with MOG antibodies: A retrospective multicentric study.
Ciron J, Cobo-Calvo A, Audoin B, Bourre B, Brassat D, Cohen M, Collongues N, Deschamps R, Durand-Dubief F, Laplaud D, Maillart E, Papeix C, Zephir H, Bereau M, Brochet B, Carra-Dalliere C, Derache N, Gagou-Scherer C, Henry C, Kerschen P, Mathey G, Maubeuge N, Maurousset A, Montcuquet A, Moreau T, Prat C, Taithe F, Thouvenot E, Tourbah A, Rollot F, Vukusic S, Marignier R

OBJECTIVES: We aim to (1) determine the frequency and distinctive features of short myelitis (SM) and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) in a cohort of adults with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-antibody (Ab)-associated myelitis and (2) determine baseline prognostic factors among MOG-Ab-positive patients whose disease started with myelitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical and paraclinical variables from a multicentric French cohort of adults with MOG-Ab-associated myelitis. At last follow-up, patients were classified into two groups according to the severity of the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) as 2.5 or 3.0. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients with at least one episode of myelitis over disease course were included; among them, 28 (38.4%) presented with SM at the time of the first myelitis. Motor and sphincter involvement was less frequently observed in SM (51.9% and 48.2%, respectively) than in LETM patients (83.3% and 78.6%, respectively), p = 0.007 and p = 0.017; 61% of LETM patients displayed brain lesions compared to 28.6% in the SM group, p = 0.008, and the thoracic segment was more frequently involved in the LETM (82.2%) than in the SM group (39.3%), p < 0.001. EDSS at last follow-up was higher in LETM (median 3.0 (interquartile range: 2.0-4.0)) compared to SM patients (2.0, (1.0-3.0)), p = 0.042. Finally, a higher EDSS at onset was identified as the only independent risk factor for EDSS 3.0 (odds ratio, 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01-1.95, p = 0.046). CONCLUSION: SM in MOG-Ab-associated disease is not rare. The severity at onset was the only independent factor related to the final prognosis in MOG-Ab-associated myelitis.

05/2019 | Mult Scler   IF 5.6
Efficacy of rituximab in refractory RRMS.
Durozard P, Maarouf A, Boutiere C, Ruet A, Brochet B, Vukusic S, Carra-Dalliere C, Labauge P, Mathey G, Debouverie M, Papeix C, Maillart E, Lubetzki C, Bensa C, Gout O, Giannesini C, Stankoff B, Ciron J, Brassat D, Pelletier J, Rico Lamy A, Audoin B

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of rituximab as rescue therapy in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and persistent disease activity confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) despite immunosuppressive disease-modifying therapy (DMT). METHODS: In this observational nationwide retrospective multicenter study, we first identified 351 off-label rituximab-treated patients through a cohort of 15,984 RRMS patients. In this group, we identified patients with disease activity prior to rituximab confirmed by MRI (one or more new T2 lesion and/or gadolinium-enhancing lesion) despite immunosuppressive DMT (fingolimod, natalizumab, or mitoxantrone) with a follow-up after rituximab initiation longer than 6 months. Outcome data were collected from the French Observatory of Multiple Sclerosis (OFSEP) register and medical charts. RESULTS: A total of 50 patients were identified. Median rituximab treatment duration was 1.1 (0.5-6.4) year. Mean annualized relapse rate significantly decreased from 0.8 during last immunosuppressive DMT to 0.18 after rituximab ( p < 0.0001). While 72% of patients showed gadolinium-enhancing lesions on the last MRI performed during last immunosuppressive DMT, 8% of them showed gadolinium-enhancing lesions on the first MRI performed 6.1 (range 1.4-18.4) months after rituximab ( p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: This study provides level IV evidence that rituximab reduces clinical and MRI disease activity in patients with active RRMS despite immunosuppressive DMT.

02/2019 | mult scler relat disord   IF 2.7
First clinical inflammatory demyelinating events of the central nervous system in a population aged over 70 years: A multicentre study.
Lavandier N, Bonnan M, Carra-Dalliere C, Charif M, Labauge P, Camdessanche JP, Edan G, Naudin A, Brassat D, Ciron J, Clavelou P, Dulau C, Moroso A, Brochet B, Ouallet JC

BACKGROUND: Few data are available regarding patients with very late-onset inflammatory demyelinating events. (VLO-IDE). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, biological, and radiological characteristics and aetiological diagnosis of very late first inflammatory demyelinating events of the central nervous system. METHODS: We conducted a national descriptive retrospective multicentre study on a case series of patients aged >70 years at the time of VLO-IDE. Patients were recruited from a national call on behalf of the 'Societe Francophone de la Sclerose en Plaques' (French Multiple Sclerosis Society). RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were referred (F:M sex ratio 2.1:1). The most frequent clinical impairment was a spinal cord deficit (23/25), usually severe (disability score, median EDSS 4.5 [2-9.5]). Spinal cord lesions were usually extensive, spanning at least three segments (11/25), and large brain lesions were also observed (lesions >20mm in 6/25). The final aetiological diagnoses comprised multiple sclerosis (9/25), neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (7/25), neurosystemic lupus erythematosus (2/25), transverse myelitis without aetiological diagnosis (6/25) and optic neuritis (1/25). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights a particular phenotype of first clinical inflammatory demyelinating events in predominantly female patients aged >70 years who have severe motor impairment with common longitudinal extensive myelitis and large and common very active radiological inflammatory lesions. Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders seem overrepresented.

11/01/2019 | Neurology   IF 8.7
The cognitive effects of anxiety and depression in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.
Feinstein A, Brochet B, Sumowski J


The relationships between cognitive impairment that exist during the clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS) remain poorly described. The effect of disease duration has been studied in a few longitudinal cohorts and some cross-sectional studies that suggest that cognitive deficits tend to extend with disease duration. However, the effect of disease duration seems to be confounded by the effect of age. At the pre-clinical stage, cognitive deficits have been observed in patients with radiologically isolated syndromes, and their profile is similar than in clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) and relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). The frequency of cognitive impairment tends to be higher in RRMS than in CIS. In these phenotypes, slowness of information processing speed (IPS) and episodic verbal and visuo-spatial memory deficits are frequently observed, but executive functions, and in particular verbal fluency, could also be impaired. More frequent and severe deficits are reported in SPMS than in RRMS with more severe deficits for memory tests, working memory and IPS. Similarly to what is observed in SPMS, patients with primary progressive MS (PPMS) present with a wide range of cognitive deficits in IPS, attention, working memory, executive functions, and verbal episodic memory with more tests and domains impaired than RRMS patients. Altogether these data suggested that not only the duration of the disease and age play an important role in the cognitive profile of patients, but also the phenotype itself, probably because of its specific pathological mechanism.

13/12/2018 | Mult Scler   IF 5.6
Observatoire Francais de la Sclerose en Plaques (OFSEP): A unique multimodal nationwide MS registry in France.
Vukusic S, Casey R, Rollot F, Brochet B, Pelletier J, Laplaud DA, De Seze J, Cotton F, Moreau T, Stankoff B, Fontaine B, Guillemin F, Debouverie M, Clanet M

The care of multiple sclerosis (MS) in France is based on two complementary interlinked networks: MS expert centers in university hospitals and regional networks of neurologists. The routine use of European database for multiple sclerosis (EDMUS) in all those centers has paved the way for the constitution of a national registry, designated as Observatoire Francais de la Sclerose En Plaques (OFSEP). It promotes a prospective, standardized, high-quality, and multimodal collection of data. On June 2018, there were 68.097 files, with 71.1% females, representing 761,185 person-years. This huge database is open to the scientific community and might contribute exploring unresolved issues and unmet needs in MS.

27/11/2018 | Mult Scler   IF 5.6
Longitudinal study of functional brain network reorganization in clinically isolated syndrome.
Koubiyr I, Deloire M, Besson P, Coupe P, Dulau C, Pelletier J, Tourdias T, Audoin B, Brochet B, Ranjeva JP, Ruet A

BACKGROUND:: There is a lack of longitudinal studies exploring the topological organization of functional brain networks at the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE:: This study aims to assess potential brain functional reorganization at rest in patients with CIS (PwCIS) after 1 year of evolution and to characterize the dynamics of functional brain networks at the early stage of the disease. METHODS:: We prospectively included 41 PwCIS and 19 matched healthy controls (HCs). They were scanned at baseline and after 1 year. Using graph theory, topological metrics were calculated for each region. Hub disruption index was computed for each metric. RESULTS:: Hub disruption indexes of degree and betweenness centrality were negative at baseline in patients ( p < 0.05), suggesting brain reorganization. After 1 year, hub disruption indexes for degree and betweenness centrality were still negative ( p < 0.00001), but such reorganization appeared more pronounced than at baseline. Different brain regions were driving these alterations. No global efficiency differences were observed between PwCIS and HCs either at baseline or at 1 year. CONCLUSION:: Dynamic changes in functional brain networks appear at the early stages of MS and are associated with the maintenance of normal global efficiency in the brain, suggesting a compensatory effect.

22/05/2018 | Neurology   IF 8.7
Clinical spectrum and prognostic value of CNS MOG autoimmunity in adults: The MOGADOR study.
Cobo-Calvo A, Ruiz A, Maillart E, Audoin B, Zephir H, Bourre B, Ciron J, Collongues N, Brassat D, Cotton F, Papeix C, Durand-Dubief F, Laplaud D, Deschamps R, Cohen M, Biotti D, Ayrignac X, Tilikete C, Thouvenot E, Brochet B, Dulau C, Moreau T, Tourbah A, Lebranchu P, Michel L, Lebrun-Frenay C, Montcuquet A, Mathey G, Debouverie M, Pelletier J, Labauge P, Derache N, Coustans M, Rollot F, De Seze J, Vukusic S, Marignier R

OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and radiologic features associated with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-Ab) in a large French nationwide adult cohort, to assess baseline prognostic features of MOG-Ab-associated diseases after a first acute demyelinating syndrome, and to evaluate the clinical value of MOG-Ab longitudinal analysis. METHODS: Clinical data were obtained from 197 MOG-Ab-positive patients >/=18 years of age. Complete imaging data were available in 108, and 54 serum samples were eligible for longitudinal evaluation. For survival analysis comparison, 169 aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-Ab)-positive patients from the NOMADMUS database were included. RESULTS: Median age at onset was 36.46 (range 18.0-76.8) years, and patients were predominantly white (92.9%) with male:female ratio, 1.1. Clinical phenotype at onset included optic neuritis or myelitis in 90.86%, isolated brainstem or encephalopathy syndromes in 6.6%, and a combination of syndromes in 2.5%. Distinctive brain MRI findings in MOG-Ab-positive patients were thalamic and pontine lesions. Cortical and leptomeningeal lesions were found in 16.3% and 6.1%, respectively. The probability of reaching a first relapse after 2 and 5 years was 44.8% and 61.8%, respectively. MOG-Ab-positive patients were at lower risk at presentation of further clinical relapse (hazard ratio [HR] 0.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.26-0.79) compared to AQP4-Ab-positive individuals. MOG-Ab-positive individuals had a lower risk of reaching Disability Status Scale score of 3.0 (HR 0.46, 95% CI 0.22-0.94) and visual acuity of 20/100 (HR 0.23, 95% CI 0.07-0.72). Finally, MOG-Ab titers were higher at relapse than in remission (p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: In adults, MOG-Ab-associated disease extends beyond clinical and radiologic abnormalities in the optic nerve and spinal cord. Despite the relapsing course, the overall visual and motor outcome is better compared with AQP4-Ab-positive patients.