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2 publication(s) depuis Janvier 2019:


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23/06/2020 | Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A   IF 9.4
Nanoscale co-organization and coactivation of AMPAR, NMDAR, and mGluR at excitatory synapses.
Goncalves J, Bartol TM, Camus C, Levet F, Menegolla AP, Sejnowski TJ, Sibarita JB, Vivaudou M, Choquet D, Hosy E

Abstract:
The nanoscale co-organization of neurotransmitter receptors facing presynaptic release sites is a fundamental determinant of their coactivation and of synaptic physiology. At excitatory synapses, how endogenous AMPARs, NMDARs, and mGluRs are co-organized inside the synapse and their respective activation during glutamate release are still unclear. Combining single-molecule superresolution microscopy, electrophysiology, and modeling, we determined the average quantity of each glutamate receptor type, their nanoscale organization, and their respective activation. We observed that NMDARs form a unique cluster mainly at the center of the PSD, while AMPARs segregate in clusters surrounding the NMDARs. mGluR5 presents a different organization and is homogenously dispersed at the synaptic surface. From these results, we build a model predicting the synaptic transmission properties of a unitary synapse, allowing better understanding of synaptic physiology.




01/2019 | Neuropharmacology   IF 4.4
Role of calcium-permeable AMPA receptors in memory consolidation, retrieval and updating.
Torquatto KI, Menegolla AP, Popik B, Casagrande MA, de Oliveira Alvares L

Abstract:
The role of the calcium-permeable AMPA receptor (CP-AMPAR) in synaptic plasticity is well established. CP-AMPAR is believed to be recruited to synapse when the memory trace is in a plastic state; however, the direct implications of its expression for memory processes is less known. Here, we investigated the contribution of CP-AMPAR expressed in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) and hippocampus (HPC) in consolidation of different types of memory, retrieval and memory update. We showed that CP-AMPAR blockade by NASPM in the BLA and HPC impaired fear memory consolidation. NASPM infusion in the HPC also impaired spatial memory consolidation in the water maze, whereas consolidation of object location memory was not affected. We found evidence of the CP-AMPAR involvement in the BLA and in the HPC upon memory retrieval. Furthermore, memory update was affected by NASPM infusion in the HPC in both immediate shock deficit and water maze reversal learning tasks. Our data indicate that the activity of CP-AMPAR in the BLA and HPC is required for the consolidation of emotional memories. Moreover, this receptor activity is required for memory retrieval in the BLA and HPC. These findings support that CP-AMPAR has a key function in memory states in which plastic changes are presumably higher, such as the beginning of memory consolidation, and retrieval-induced updating.