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11/2012 | Eur J Endocrinol   IF 5.1
Prolactinomas resistant to standard doses of cabergoline: a multicenter study of 92 patients.
Vroonen L, Jaffrain-Rea ML, Petrossians P, Tamagno G, Chanson P, Vilar L, Borson-Chazot F, Naves LA, Brue T, Gatta B, Delemer B, Ciccarelli E, Beck-Peccoz P, Caron P, Daly AF, Beckers A

BACKGROUND: Dopamine agonist resistance in prolactinoma is an infrequent phenomenon. Doses of cabergoline (CAB) of up to 2.0 mg/week are usually effective in controlling prolactin (PRL) secretion and reducing tumor size in prolactinomas. The clinical presentation, management, and outcome of patients that are not well controlled by such commonly used doses of CAB-resistant patients are poorly understood. DESIGN AND METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was designed to collect a large series of resistant prolactinoma patients, defined by uncontrolled hyperprolactinemia on CAB >/=2.0 mg weekly. RESULTS: Ninety-two patients (50 F, 42 M) were analyzed. At diagnosis, most had macroprolactinomas (82.6%); males were significantly older than females (P=0.0003) and presented with a more aggressive disease. A genetic basis was identified in 12 patients. Thirty-six patients (39.1%) received only medical therapy, most underwent surgery (60.9%, including multiple interventions in 10.9%), and 14.1% received postoperative radiotherapy. Eight patients developed late CAB resistance (8.7%). The median maximal weekly dose of CAB (CAB(max/w)) was 3.5 mg (2.0-10.5). Despite a higher CAB(max/w) in patients treated with multimodal therapy (P=0.003 vs exclusive pharmacological treatment), a debulking effect of surgery was shown in 14 patients, with a higher rate of PRL control (P=0.006) and a significant reduction in CAB(max/w) (P=0.001) postoperatively. At last follow-up (median 88 months), PRL normalization and tumor disappearance were achieved in 28 and 19.9% of the patients respectively, with no significant sex-related difference observed in CAB(max/w) or disease control. Mortality was 4.8%, with four patients developing aggressive tumors (4.3%) and three a pituitary carcinoma (3.3%). CONCLUSION: CAB-resistant prolactinomas remain a serious concern. Surgical debulking, newer therapeutic strategies, and early diagnosis of genetic forms could help to improve their outcome.

06/2012 | Int J Obes (Lond)   IF 4.5
Simultaneous postprandial deregulation of the orexigenic endocannabinoid anandamide and the anorexigenic peptide YY in obesity.
Cherifi-Gatta B, Matias I, Vallee M, Tabarin A, Marsicano G, Piazza PV, Cota D

BACKGROUND: The endocannabinoid system is a potential pharmacotherapy target for obesity. However, the role of this system in human food intake regulation is currently unknown. METHODS: To test whether circulating endocannabinoids might functionally respond to food intake and verify whether these orexigenic signals are deregulated in obesity alongside with anorexigenic ones, we measured plasma anandamide (AEA), 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and peptide YY (PYY) changes in response to a meal in 12 normal-weight and 12 non-diabetic, insulin-resistant obese individuals. RESULTS: Both normal-weight and obese subjects had a significant preprandial AEA peak. Postprandially, AEA levels significantly decreased in normal-weight, whereas no significant changes were observed in obese subjects. Similarly, PYY levels significantly increased in normal-weight subjects only. No meal-related changes were found for 2-AG. Postprandial AEA and PYY changes inversely correlated with waist circumference, and independently explained 20.7 and 21.3% of waist variance. Multiple regression analysis showed that postprandial AEA and PYY changes explained 34% of waist variance, with 8.2% of the variance commonly explained. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that AEA might be a physiological meal initiator in humans and furthermore show that postprandially AEA and PYY are concomitantly deregulated in obesity.

02/2012 | Eur J Endocrinol   IF 5.1
Adrenal involvement in MEN1. Analysis of 715 cases from the Groupe d'etude des Tumeurs Endocrines database.
Cherifi-Gatta B, Chabre O, Murat A, Niccoli P, Cardot-Bauters C, Rohmer V, Young J, Delemer B, Du Boullay H, Verger MF, Kuhn JM, Sadoul JL, Ruszniewski P, Beckers A, Monsaingeon M, Baudin E, Goudet P, Tabarin A

OBJECTIVE: Limited data regarding adrenal involvement in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is available. We describe the characteristics of MEN1-associated adrenal lesions in a large cohort to provide a rationale for their management. METHODS: Analysis of records from 715 MEN1 patients from a multicentre database between 1956 and 2008. Adrenal lesions were compared with those from a multicentre cohort of 144 patients with adrenal sporadic incidentalomas. RESULTS: Adrenal enlargement was reported in 20.4% (146/715) of patients. Adrenal tumours (>10 mm in size) accounted for 58.1% of these cases (10.1% of the whole patient cohort). Tumours were bilateral and >40 mm in size in 12.5 and 19.4% of cases respectively. Hormonal hypersecretion was restricted to patients with tumours and occurred in 15.3% of them. Compared with incidentalomas, MEN1-related tumours exhibited more cases of primary hyperaldosteronism, fewer pheochromocytomas and more adrenocortical carcinomas (ACCs; 13.8 vs 1.3%). Ten ACCs occurred in eight patients. Interestingly, ACCs occurred after several years of follow-up of small adrenal tumours in two of the eight affected patients. Nine of the ten ACCs were classified as stage I or II according to the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors. No evident genotype/phenotype correlation was found for the occurrence of adrenal lesions, endocrine hypersecretion or ACC. CONCLUSIONS: Adrenal pathology in MEN1 differs from that observed in sporadic incidentalomas. In the absence of relevant symptoms, endocrine biology can be restricted to patients with adrenal tumours and should focus on steroid secretion including the aldosterone-renin system. MEN1 is a high-risk condition for the occurrence of ACCs. It should be considered regardless of the size of the tumour.

2012 | PLoS ONE   IF 2.8
Endocannabinoids measurement in human saliva as potential biomarker of obesity.
Matias I, Cherifi-Gatta B, Tabarin A, Clark S, Leste-Lasserre T, Marsicano G, Piazza PV, Cota D

BACKGROUND: The discovery of the endocannabinoid system and of its role in the regulation of energy balance has significantly advanced our understanding of the physiopathological mechanisms leading to obesity and type 2 diabetes. New knowledge on the role of this system in humans has been acquired by measuring blood endocannabinoids. Here we explored endocannabinoids and related N-acylethanolamines in saliva and verified their changes in relation to body weight status and in response to a meal or to body weight loss. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Fasting plasma and salivary endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamines were measured through liquid mass spectrometry in 12 normal weight and 12 obese, insulin-resistant subjects. Salivary endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamines were evaluated in the same cohort before and after the consumption of a meal. Changes in salivary endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamines after body weight loss were investigated in a second group of 12 obese subjects following a 12-weeks lifestyle intervention program. The levels of mRNAs coding for enzymes regulating the metabolism of endocannabinoids, N-acylethanolamines and of cannabinoid type 1 (CB(1)) receptor, alongside endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamines content, were assessed in human salivary glands. The endocannabinoids 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), N-arachidonoylethanolamide (anandamide, AEA), and the N-acylethanolamines (oleoylethanolamide, OEA and palmitoylethanolamide, PEA) were quantifiable in saliva and their levels were significantly higher in obese than in normal weight subjects. Fasting salivary AEA and OEA directly correlated with BMI, waist circumference and fasting insulin. Salivary endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamines did not change in response to a meal. CB(1) receptors, ligands and enzymes were expressed in the salivary glands. Finally, a body weight loss of 5.3% obtained after a 12-weeks lifestyle program significantly decreased salivary AEA levels. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamines are quantifiable in saliva and their levels correlate with obesity but not with feeding status. Body weight loss significantly decreases salivary AEA, which might represent a useful biomarker in obesity.

09/2011 | Clin Biochem   IF 2.4
Use of an automated ACTH assay for the diagnosis of pituitary and adrenal-related diseases.
Brossaud J, Bouton M, Gatta B, Tabarin A, Corcuff JB

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Liaison Diasorin's automated ACTH assay. DESIGN: We investigated the limit of quantification (LOQ) and simulated the usage of the analyzer using our ACTH results database. RESULTS: The LOQ was close to the cut-off determining Cushing's syndrome ACTH dependency. 25% concentrations of normal subjects were lower than the LOQ. Although biased, the results were concordant with those of an IRMA assay. CONCLUSION: This assay is not sensitive enough to diagnose ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome.

06/2011 | J Endocrinol Invest   IF 3.4
Erythropoietin levels in endocrinopathies.
Klein E, Brossaud J, Gatta B, Corcuff JB

BACKGROUND: Erythropoietin (EPO) is an oxygenregulated hormone promoting the differentiation of erythroid progenitor cells. Apart fromhypoxia, few data is available about release by secretagogues including hormones. AIM: To investigate EPO serum concentration in subjects with endocrine diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study evaluating serumEPO concentrations in serumleftovers fromsubjects with various endocrine disorders. RESULTS: EPO is not noticeably influenced by thyroid hormone or cortisol concentrations and the relationship with hemoglobin concentration is preserved. In acromegalic patients, the latter is lost but EPO is neither statistically influenced by GH/IGF-I. This may reflect a dual action of GH and/or IGF-I on erythroid progenitors proliferation as well as on EPO synthesis. CONCLUSION: EPO is not noticeably modified by endocrine disorders although GH and or IGF-I may alter EPO relationship with blood hemoglobin concentration.

09/2009 | Ann Endocrinol (Paris)   IF 1.4
[Surgical excision of subclinical cortisol secreting incidentalomas: Impact on blood pressure, BMI and glucose metabolism].
Mauclere-Denost S, Duron-Martinaud S, Nunes ML, Gatta B, Fagour C, Rault A, Gosse P, Tabarin A

OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical, vascular and metabolic parameters before and after surgery in patients with subclinical cortisol secreting incidentalomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight patients were investigated before and 12 months after removal of the mass on hemodynamic (blood pressure by MAPA procedure), anthropometric (body weight, body mass index), and metabolic parameters (glucose level, HbA(1c)). RESULTS: In the whole group, 75% of patients displayed decrease in blood pressure (cessation of at least one hypotensive medication) and 33% of them were definitely cured of hypertension. Seventy-one percent of patients lost body weight and 37.5% lost more than 5%. In the whole group of patients, glucose level decreased by 1.1% and medical treatment was discontinuated in two of three diabetic patients. CONCLUSION: Subclinical cortisol secreting adrenal incidentalomas are associated with cardiovascular risk factors that may be corrected after removal of the mass. Therefore, surgery may be an appropriate choice in patients with subclinical Cushing's syndrome to improve hypertension, body weight and impaired glucose level. Controlled studies comparing surgical treatment to a medical follow-up including optimal cardiovascular risk factors treatment are needed to define the usefulness of surgery in hypertensive patients with subclinical cortisol secreting incidentalomas.

06/2009 | Br J Nutr   IF 3.3
Acute effects of pharmacological modifications of fatty acid metabolism on human satiety.
Gatta B, Zuberbuehler C, Arnold M, Aubert R, Langhans W, Chapelot D

The role of NEFA in eating behaviour is still poorly known. Our objective was to examine whether etomoxir (ETO), an inhibitor of NEFA oxidation, or ( - )-hydroxycitrate (HCA), an inhibitor of lipogenesis which may indirectly stimulate NEFA oxidation, alters satiety. Post-lunch satiety was measured in eight normal-weight male subjects who were deprived of time cues and received on three occasions either ETO (320 mg), HCA (2 g) or placebo (PLA) in random order. Between lunch and dinner, blood was withdrawn continuously and collected every 10 min for measures of plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, lactate, TAG, NEFA, beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), leptin and ghrelin. Results showed that HCA began to decrease hunger and desire to eat compared to PLA and ETO 210 min after lunch and increased satiety duration compared to PLA by 70 (se 23) min (P < 0.05), but did not modify energy intake at dinner. ETO did not affect any variable of satiety. HCA increased NEFA concentrations during the pre-dinner period, whereas ETO increased and decreased plasma concentrations of NEFA and BHB, respectively. Mean differences in plasma NEFA concentrations between HCA and PLA were predictive of the differences in satiety duration between treatments (r2 0.71, P < 0.01). Among treatments, plasma leptin concentration at dinner onset was the only blood variable correlated with energy intake at this meal (r - 0.75, P < 0.0005). In healthy, normal-weight men, acute HCA increased the intensity and duration of satiety possibly via increased NEFA disposal for oxidation.

04/2009 | Ann Endocrinol (Paris)   IF 1.4
Adrenal necrosis mimicking pheochromocytomas during acute pancreatitis.
Gatta B, Reynier P, Gense V, Simonnet G, Corcuff JB


02/2009 | J Clin Endocrinol Metab   IF 5.6
Late-night salivary cortisol for diagnosis of overt and subclinical Cushing's syndrome in hospitalized and ambulatory patients.
Nunes ML, Vattaut S, Corcuff JB, Rault A, Loiseau H, Gatta B, Valli N, Letenneur L, Tabarin A

CONTEXT: Neither precise evaluation of pertinent thresholds nor comparison of the diagnostic performance of late-night salivary cortisol (NSC) between inpatient and outpatient settings has been conducted. The usefulness of NSC for the screening of 'subclinical' Cushing's syndrome is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the influence of inpatient and outpatient settings on the diagnostic performance of NSC and assess its usefulness as a screening test for subclinical Cushing's syndrome. DESIGN: Consecutive patients were investigated prospectively with two salivary collections, first as inpatients and then as outpatients. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two obese subjects participated in the study, as well as nine patients cured of Cushing's disease, 13 with overt Cushing's syndrome, 14 showing mild recurrence of Cushing's disease, and 48 with adrenal incidentalomas [23 subclinical cortisol-secreting adenomas (SCSA), 25 nonsecreting adenomas]. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reproducibility of NSC and diagnostic performance were measured using receiver operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: NSC in controls was similar between inpatient and outpatient settings. The diagnostic performance of NSC across the different patient groups was similar irrespective of the setting. A threshold of 12 nmol/liter yielded 100% sensitivity and specificity in overt Cushing's syndrome. Optimal performance in subclinical Cushing's syndrome required lower thresholds. NSC showed acceptable performance in diagnosing recurrence of Cushing's disease (90% sensitivity, 91.8% specificity). On the contrary, NSC was similar between patients with SCSA and nonsecreting adenomas. CONCLUSIONS: Our data validate the outpatient bed sampling strategy for NSC with no need for specific outpatient threshold. NSC may be helpful to detect mild recurrence of Cushing's disease after surgery but is of little value in identifying SCSA amongst adrenal incidentalomas.