Neurocentre Magendie

Guillaume LUCAS


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30 publication(s) depuis Janvier 1996:

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09/05/2017 | Mol Psychiatry   IF 15
Inducing a long-term potentiation in the dentate gyrus is sufficient to produce rapid antidepressant-like effects.
Kanzari A, Bourcier-Lucas C, Freyssin A, Abrous DN, Haddjeri N, Lucas G

Recent hypotheses propose that one prerequisite to obtain a rapid antidepressant (AD) effect would reside in processes of synaptic reinforcement occurring within the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus independently from neurogenesis. However, to date no relationship has been established between an increased DG synaptic plasticity, and rapid AD-like action. To the best of our knowledge, this study shows for the first time that inducing a long-term potentiation (LTP) within the DG by stimulating the perforant pathway (PP) is sufficient to induce such effects. Thus, Sprague-Dawley rats having undergone a successful LTP displayed a significant reduction of immobility when passed acutely 3 days thereafter in the forced swimming test (FST). Further, in a longitudinal paradigm using the pseudo-depressed Wistar-Kyoto rat strain, LTP elicited a decrease of FST immobility after only 2 days, whereas the AD desipramine was not effective before 16 days. In both models, the influence of LTP was transient, as it was no more observed after 8-9 days. No effects were observed on the locomotor activity or on anxiety-related behavior. Theta-burst stimulation of a brain region anatomically adjacent to the PP remained ineffective in the FST. Immunoreactivity of DG cells for phosphorylated histone H3 and doublecortin were not modified three days after LTP, indicating a lack of effect on both cell proliferation and neurogenesis. Finally, depleting brain serotonin contents reduced the success rate of LTP but did not affect its subsequent AD-like effects. These results confirm the 'plastic DG' theory of rapid AD efficacy. Beyond, they point out stimulations of the entorhinal cortex, from which the PP originates, as putative new approaches in AD research.Molecular Psychiatry advance online publication, 9 May 2017; doi:10.1038/mp.2017.94.

08/2015 | ebiomedicine
Astroglial Control of the Antidepressant-Like Effects of Prefrontal Cortex Deep Brain Stimulation.
Etievant A, Oosterhof C, Betry C, Abrial E, Novo-Perez M, Rovera R, Scarna H, Devader C, Mazella J, Wegener G, Sanchez C, Dkhissi-Benyahya O, Gronfier C, Coizet V, Beaulieu JM, Blier P, Lucas G, Haddjeri N

Although deep brain stimulation (DBS) shows promising efficacy as a therapy for intractable depression, the neurobiological bases underlying its therapeutic action remain largely unknown. The present study was aimed at characterizing the effects of infralimbic prefrontal cortex (IL-PFC) DBS on several pre-clinical markers of the antidepressant-like response and at investigating putative non-neuronal mechanism underlying DBS action. We found that DBS induced an antidepressant-like response that was prevented by IL-PFC neuronal lesion and by adenosine A1 receptor antagonists including caffeine. Moreover, high frequency DBS induced a rapid increase of hippocampal mitosis and reversed the effects of stress on hippocampal synaptic metaplasticity. In addition, DBS increased spontaneous IL-PFC low-frequency oscillations and both raphe 5-HT firing activity and synaptogenesis. Unambiguously, a local glial lesion counteracted all these neurobiological effects of DBS. Further in vivo electrophysiological results revealed that this astrocytic modulation of DBS involved adenosine A1 receptors and K(+) buffering system. Finally, a glial lesion within the site of stimulation failed to counteract the beneficial effects of low frequency (30 Hz) DBS. It is proposed that an unaltered neuronal-glial system constitutes a major prerequisite to optimize antidepressant DBS efficacy. It is also suggested that decreasing frequency could heighten antidepressant response of partial responders.

2015 | Front Cell Neurosci   IF 4.6
The Role of Astroglia in the Antidepressant Action of Deep Brain Stimulation.
Etievant A, Lucas G, Dkhissi-Benyahya O, Haddjeri N


19/09/2014 | Brain Struct Funct   IF 4.7
The peptidic antidepressant spadin interacts with prefrontal 5-HT and mGluR receptors in the control of serotonergic function.
Moha Ou Maati H, Bourcier-Lucas C, Veyssiere J, Kanzari A, Heurteaux C, Borsotto M, Haddjeri N, Lucas G

This study investigates the mechanism of action of spadin, a putative fast-acting peptidic antidepressant (AD) and a functional blocker of the K+ TREK-1 channel, in relation with the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)-dorsal raphe (DRN) serotonergic (5-HT) neurons connectivity. Spadin increased 5-HT neuron firing rate by 113 %, an augmentation abolished after electrolytic lesion of the mPFC. Among the few receptor subtypes known to modulate TREK-1, the stimulation of 5-HT4 receptors and the blockade of mGluR2/3 ones both activated 5-HT impulse flow, effects also suppressed by mPFC lesion. The combination of spadin with the 5-HT4 agonist RS 67333 paradoxically reduced 5-HT firing, an effect reversed by acutely administering the 5-HT1A agonist flesinoxan. It also had a robust synergetic effect on the expression of Zif268 within the DRN. Together, these results strongly suggest that 5-HT neurons underwent a state of depolarization block, and that the mechanisms underlying the influences exerted by spadin and RS 67333 are additive and independent from each other. In contrast, the mGluR2/3 antagonist LY 341495 occluded the effect of spadin, showing that it likely depends on mPFC TREK-1 channels coupled to mGluR2/3 receptors. These in vivo electrophysiological data were confirmed by in vitro Ca2+ cell imaging performed in cultured cortical neurons. Altogether, our results indicate that spadin, as a natural compound, constitutes a very good candidate to explore the 'glutamatergic path' of fast-acting AD research. In addition, they provide the first evidence of 5-HT depolarization block, showing that the combination of 5-HT activators for strategies of AD augmentation should be performed with extreme caution.

2014 | Int J Neuropsychopharmacol   IF 4.6
Protein kinase C inhibition rescues manic-like behaviors and hippocampal cell proliferation deficits in the sleep deprivation model of mania.
Abrial E, Betourne A, Etievant A, Lucas G, Scarna H, Lambas-Senas L, Haddjeri N

BACKGROUND: Recent studies revealed that bipolar disorder may be associated with deficits of neuroplasticity. Additionally, accumulating evidence has implicated alterations of the intracellular signaling molecule protein kinase C (PKC) in mania. METHODS: Using sleep deprivation (SD) as an animal model of mania, this study aimed to examine the possible relationship between PKC and neuroplasticity in mania. Rats were subjected to SD for 72h and tested behaviorally. In parallel, SD-induced changes in hippocampal cell proliferation were evaluated with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling. We then examined the effects of the mood stabilizer lithium, the antipsychotic agent aripiprazole, and the PKC inhibitors chelerythrine and tamoxifen on both behavioral and cell proliferation impairments induced by SD. The antidepressant fluoxetine was used as a negative control. RESULTS: We found that SD triggered the manic-like behaviors such as hyperlocomotion and increased sleep latency, and reduced hippocampal cell proliferation. These alterations were counteracted by an acute administration of lithium and aripiprazole but not of fluoxetine, and only a single administration of aripiprazole increased cell proliferation on its own. Importantly, SD rats exhibited increased levels of phosphorylated synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25) in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, suggesting PKC overactivity. Moreover, PKC inhibitors attenuated manic-like behaviors and rescued cell proliferation deficits induced by SD. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm the relevance of SD as a model of mania, and provide evidence that antimanic agents are also able to prevent SD-induced decrease of hippocampal cell proliferation. Furthermore, they emphasize the therapeutic potential of PKC inhibitors, as revealed by their antimanic-like and pro-proliferative properties.

10/2013 | Curr Drug Targets   IF 3.2
Astrocytes and gliotransmitters: new players in the treatment of major depression?
Etievant A, Lambas-Senas L, Scarna H, Lucas G, Haddjeri N

With a lifetime prevalence of more than 16% worldwide, major depressive disorder is one of the most common psychiatric disorders. Only one third of patients experience a complete therapeutic improvement with the use of current antidepressant drugs, with a therapeutic effect appearing only after several weeks of treatment. Hence, a better understanding of the mechanisms of action of current antidepressant treatments is needed to ultimately identify new targets and enhance beneficial effects. Given the intimate relationships between astrocytes and neurons at synapses and the ability of astrocytes to 'sense' neuronal communication and release gliotransmitters, an attractive hypothesis is emerging stating that the effects of antidepressants on brain function could be, at least in part, mediated by direct influences of astrocytes on neuronal networks. This review aims at highlighting the involvement of astrocytes and gliotransmission in the antidepressant effects of both non- and pharmacological therapies.

03/06/2013 | Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry   IF 2.8
Protein kinase C regulates mood-related behaviors and adult hippocampal cell proliferation in rats.
Abrial E, Etievant A, Betry C, Scarna H, Lucas G, Haddjeri N, Lambas-Senas L

The neurobiological mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology and therapeutics of bipolar disorder are still unknown. In recent years, protein kinase C (PKC) has emerged as a potential key player in mania. To further investigate the role of this signaling system in mood regulation, we examined the effects of PKC modulators in behavioral tests modeling several facets of bipolar disorder and in adult hippocampal cell proliferation in rats. Our results showed that a single injection of the PKC inhibitors tamoxifen (80 mg/kg, i.p.) and chelerythrine (3 mg/kg, s.c.) attenuated amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion and decreased risk-taking behavior, supporting the efficacy of PKC blockade in acute mania. Moreover, chronic exposure to tamoxifen (10 mg/kg/day, i.p., for 14 days) or chelerythrine (0.3 mg/kg/day, s.c., for 14 days) caused depressive-like behavior in the forced swim test, and resulted in a reduction of cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Finally, we showed that, contrary to the PKC inhibitors, the PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) enhanced risk-taking behavior and induced an antidepressant-like effect. Taken together, these findings support the involvement of PKC in regulating opposite facets of bipolar disorder, and emphasize a major role for PKC in this disease.

12/2011 | Mol Neurobiol   IF 6.2
A role for the PKC signaling system in the pathophysiology and treatment of mood disorders: involvement of a functional imbalance?
Abrial E, Lucas G, Scarna H, Haddjeri N, Lambas-Senas L

Mood disorders, such as bipolar and major depressive disorders, are frequent, severe, and often disabling neuropsychiatric diseases affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Available mood stabilizers and antidepressants remain unsatisfactory because of their delayed and partial therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, the development of targeted therapies, working more rapidly and being fully effective, is urgently needed. In this context, the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling system, which regulates multiple neuronal processes implicated in mood regulation, can constitute a novel therapeutic target. This paper reviews the currently available knowledge regarding the role of the PKC signaling pathway in the pathophysiology of mood disorders and the therapeutic potential of PKC modulators. Current antidepressants and mood stabilizers have been shown to modulate the PKC pathway, and the inhibition of this intracellular signaling cascade results in antimanic-like properties in animal models. Disrupted PKC activity has been found both in postmortem brains and platelet from patients with mood disorders. Finally, the PKC inhibitor tamoxifen has recently demonstrated potent antimanic properties in several clinical trials. Overall, emerging data from preclinical and clinical research suggest an imbalance of the PKC signaling system in mood disorders. Thus, PKC may be a critical molecular target for the development of innovative therapeutics.


2010 | PLoS Biol   IF 9.8
Spadin, a sortilin-derived peptide, targeting rodent TREK-1 channels: a new concept in the antidepressant drug design.
Mazella J, Petrault O, Lucas G, Deval E, Beraud-Dufour S, Gandin C, El-Yacoubi M, Widmann C, Guyon A, Chevet E, Taouji S, Conductier G, Corinus A, Coppola T, Gobbi G, Nahon JL, Heurteaux C, Borsotto M

Current antidepressant treatments are inadequate for many individuals, and when they are effective, they require several weeks of administration before a therapeutic effect can be observed. Improving the treatment of depression is challenging. Recently, the two-pore domain potassium channel TREK-1 has been identified as a new target in depression, and its antagonists might become effective antidepressants. In mice, deletion of the TREK-1 gene results in a depression-resistant phenotype that mimics antidepressant treatments. Here, we validate in mice the antidepressant effects of spadin, a secreted peptide derived from the propeptide generated by the maturation of the neurotensin receptor 3 (NTSR3/Sortilin) and acting through TREK-1 inhibition. NTSR3/Sortilin interacted with the TREK-1 channel, as shown by immunoprecipitation of TREK-1 and NTSR3/Sortilin from COS-7 cells and cortical neurons co-expressing both proteins. TREK-1 and NTSR3/Sortilin were colocalized in mouse cortical neurons. Spadin bound specifically to TREK-1 with an affinity of 10 nM. Electrophysiological studies showed that spadin efficiently blocked the TREK-1 activity in COS-7 cells, cultured hippocampal pyramidal neurons, and CA3 hippocampal neurons in brain slices. Spadin also induced in vivo an increase of the 5-HT neuron firing rate in the Dorsal Raphe Nucleus. In five behavioral tests predicting an antidepressant response, spadin-treated mice showed a resistance to depression as found in TREK-1 deficient mice. More importantly, an intravenous 4-d treatment with spadin not only induced a strong antidepressant effect but also enhanced hippocampal phosphorylation of CREB protein and neurogenesis, considered to be key markers of antidepressant action after chronic treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. This work also shows the development of a reliable method for dosing the propeptide in serum of mice by using AlphaScreen technology. These findings point out spadin as a putative antidepressant of new generation with a rapid onset of action. Spadin can be regarded as the first natural antidepressant peptide identified. It corresponds to a new concept to address the treatment of depression.