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Aurélie RUET

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43 publication(s) since Mars 2010:

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21/09/2010 | Neurology
Long-term follow-up of neuromyelitis optica with a pediatric onset.
Collongues N, Marignier R, Zephir H, Papeix C, Fontaine B, Blanc F, Rodriguez D, Fleury M, Vukusic S, Pelletier J, Audoin B, Thouvenot E, Camu W, Barroso B, Ruet A, Brochet B, Vermersch P, Confavreux C, de Seze J

BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a rare inflammatory disease. Average age at onset is 35 years. Few data exist on patients with pediatric-onset NMO (p-NMO), with disease onset before age 18 years. We report the clinical and paraclinical features and long-term outcome of patients with p-NMO and compare them with a large adult-onset NMO (a-NMO) cohort. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, multicenter study of patients with p-NMO in pediatric and adult medical centers. We identified 125 patients with NMO (12 p-NMO; 113 a-NMO) fulfilling the 2006 criteria. Data were collected using hospital files and standardized assessment forms for NMO. RESULTS: Patients with p-NMO were followed up during a mean 19.3 years. Median age at onset was 14.5 years (4.1-17.9) with a female:male ratio of 3:1. Three patients (25%) fulfilled Paty criteria for multiple sclerosis on first brain MRI, including one patient with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Median interval between onset and residual Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score 4 was 20.7 years, score 6 was 26 years, and score 7 was 28.7 years. Median interval between onset and residual visual loss

05/2010 | Mult Scler
Early cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis predicts disability outcome several years later.
Deloire M, Ruet A, Hamel D, Bonnet M, Brochet B

Cognition is frequently impaired in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). The predictive value of cognitive impairment on disability is unknown. The objective of this study was to correlate cognitive impairment and the progression of disability over 7 years. Forty-five patients, recruited after MS diagnosis, were followed for 7 years by yearly Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) evaluations and were classified as cognitively impaired (CI) or unimpaired (CU) according to neuropsychological testing at baseline. At baseline, 47.8% of patients were CI, with deficits in mainly memory and information processing speed (IPS). The baseline EDSS correlated significantly with one IPS test. The EDSS, but not the MSFC, deteriorated significantly over the 7 years in the whole group and the CI group, but not the CU group. A multivariate analysis showed correlations between the EDSS change over 5 and 7 years and two baseline tests evaluating IPS and verbal memory. The deterioration of the EDSS after 7 years was significantly correlated with verbal memory testing at baseline after adjustment for age and baseline EDSS. In conclusion, in this sample of MS patients early in the disease, the baseline IPS and verbal memory impairments predict the EDSS score 5 and 7 years later.

02/03/2010 | Neurology
Neuromyelitis optica in France: a multicenter study of 125 patients.
Collongues N, Marignier R, Zephir H, Papeix C, Blanc F, Ritleng C, Tchikviladze M, Outteryck O, Vukusic S, Fleury M, Fontaine B, Brassat D, Clanet M, Milh M, Pelletier J, Audoin B, Ruet A, Lebrun-Frenay C, Thouvenot E, Camu W, Debouverie M, Creange A, Moreau T, Labauge P, Castelnovo G, Edan G, Le Page E, Defer G, Barroso B, Heinzlef O, Gout O, Rodriguez D, Wiertlewski S, Laplaud D, Borgel F, Tourniaire P, Grimaud J, Brochet B, Vermersch P, Confavreux C, de Seze J

BACKGROUND: There have been few epidemiologic studies on neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and none used the recent 2006 diagnostic criteria. Here we describe the clinical, laboratory, MRI, and disability course of NMO in a French cohort of 125 patients. METHODS: We performed an observational, retrospective, multicenter study. Data were collected from September 2007 through August 2008, corresponding to the endpoint of the study. We identified 125 patients fulfilling the 2006 NMO criteria. Selection was made using hospital files and a specific clinical questionnaire for NMO. RESULTS: Mean age at onset was 34.5 years (range 4-66) with a mean disease duration of 10 +/- 7.8 years at the endpoint. The patients were mainly (87%) Caucasian, with a female:male ratio of 3:1. In 90% of cases, the association of optic neuritis, longitudinal extensive myelitis, and a Paty-negative initial brain MRI was sufficient to fulfill the supportive criteria. Eighty-eight percent of patients were treated with immunosuppressive therapies. Median delay from onset to Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score 4 was 7 years; score 6, 10 years; and score 7, 21 years. The first episode of myelitis was immediately followed by an EDSS score > or = 4 in 37.3% of cases, and a severe residual visual loss was observed in 22% of patients after the first episode of optic neuritis. Multivariate analysis did not reveal any predictors of a poor evolution other than a high number of MRI brain lesions at diagnosis, which were predictive of a residual visual acuity < or = 1/10. CONCLUSIONS: Our demographic data provide new data on disability in patients with neuromyelitis optica, most of whom were receiving treatment.