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Diplôme d'Orthophonie (CCO)
Master sciences cognitives
Doctorat Sciences de la Vie et de la Santé spécialité Neurosciences

Expertise: Cognition, Multiple Sclerosis, Cerebral plasticity, Rehabilitation, Virtual Environment, MRI

14 publication(s) since Juin 2007:

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The indicated IF have been collected by the Web of Sciences in

The association between cognitive impairment, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and vocational status has been studied in recent years in cross-sectional studies in multiple sclerosis (MS), but longitudinal data are still lacking. This study assesses this association in a sample of 65 newly diagnosed MS patients followed longitudinally. Each patient underwent a standardised clinical assessment, cognitive tests and the HRQoL SEP-59 questionnaire six months after the MS diagnosis (baseline) and seven years later (y7).Vocational status was also established at baseline and at y7 in MS patients. The HRQoL at baseline was severely reduced in MS patients compared with healthy subjects. The independent predictors for HRQoL composite scores at y7 were the baseline depression score and the memory Z-score. Accordingly, 81.5 % of MS patients worked at baseline and only 54.4 % worked at y7. Among the MS patients who did not work at y7, 72.7 % of them were cognitively impaired, while 27.3 % were unimpaired at baseline. The vocational status at y7 was significantly associated with the baseline IPS Z-score, EDSS and age. Vocational status at y7 and its change over 7 years was significantly associated with cognitive deterioration. IPS or memory dysfunction in the early stages of MS is correlated with a decreased level in health perception, independent of fatigue, depression and physical disability. Cognitive impairment at the diagnosis of MS increases the risk of changing vocational status in MS patients seven years later.

29/03/2011 | Neurology   IF 8.3
MRI predictors of cognitive outcome in early multiple sclerosis.
Deloire MS, Ruet A, Hamel D, Bonnet M, Dousset V, Brochet B

OBJECTIVE: To determine MRI predictors for cognitive outcome in patients with early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Forty-four patients recently diagnosed with clinically definite MS were followed up with clinical and cognitive evaluations at 1, 2, 5, and 7 years and underwent brain MRI including magnetization transfer (MT) imaging at baseline and 2 years. Cognitive evaluation was also performed in 56 matched healthy subjects at baseline. Cognitive testing included the Brief Repeatable Battery. Imaging parameters included lesion load, brain parenchymal fraction (BPF), ventricular fraction (VF), and mean MT ratio (MTR) of lesion and normal-appearing brain tissue (NABT) masks. RESULTS: At baseline, patients presented deficits of memory, attention, and information processing speed (IPS). Over 2 years, all magnetic resonance parameters deteriorated significantly. Over 7 years, Expanded Disability Status Scale score deteriorated significantly. Fifty percent of patients deteriorated on memory cognitive domain and 22.7%of patients on IPS domain. Seven-year change of memory scores was significantly associated with baseline diffuse brain damage (NABT MTR). IPS z score change over 7 years was correlated with baseline global atrophy (BPF), baseline diffuse brain damage, and central brain atrophy (VF) change over 2 years. CONCLUSION: The main predictors of cognitive changes over 7 years are baseline diffuse brain damage and progressive central brain atrophy over the 2 years after MS diagnosis.

05/2010 | Mult Scler
Early cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis predicts disability outcome several years later.
Deloire M, Ruet A, Hamel D, Bonnet M, Brochet B

Cognition is frequently impaired in the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). The predictive value of cognitive impairment on disability is unknown. The objective of this study was to correlate cognitive impairment and the progression of disability over 7 years. Forty-five patients, recruited after MS diagnosis, were followed for 7 years by yearly Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) evaluations and were classified as cognitively impaired (CI) or unimpaired (CU) according to neuropsychological testing at baseline. At baseline, 47.8% of patients were CI, with deficits in mainly memory and information processing speed (IPS). The baseline EDSS correlated significantly with one IPS test. The EDSS, but not the MSFC, deteriorated significantly over the 7 years in the whole group and the CI group, but not the CU group. A multivariate analysis showed correlations between the EDSS change over 5 and 7 years and two baseline tests evaluating IPS and verbal memory. The deterioration of the EDSS after 7 years was significantly correlated with verbal memory testing at baseline after adjustment for age and baseline EDSS. In conclusion, in this sample of MS patients early in the disease, the baseline IPS and verbal memory impairments predict the EDSS score 5 and 7 years later.

06/2007 | Rev Neurol (Paris)
[Cognitive disorders in multiple sclerosis].
Brochet B, Bonnet M, Deloire M, Hamel D, Salort-Campana E

Forty to sixty percent of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have cognitive dysfunction. The frequency of cognitive disturbances according to the clinical form is not completely understood and the natural history of these disorders has not been extensively studied. Cognitive deficits can be detected in early stages of the disease. Their frequency increases from clinically isolated syndromes, to relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive MS. Cognitive abnormalities are frequently observed also in primary progressive MS. The most frequently impaired functions are information processing speed, attention and memory. Dementia is uncommon but may disclose the disease. Diffuse cerebral injury, assessed by magnetic resonance imaging, contributes to cognitive dysfunction in MS, probably by interrupting connecting fibers between neuronal networks involved in these cognitive functions. Compensatory mechanisms may occur at early stages but they are limited by extension of brain injury.