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Bruno BROCHET





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Cursus:
Neurologue
MD
PU-PH

Expertise: Multiple Sclerosis, Cognition, Imaging





150 publication(s) since Janvier 1987:


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The indicated IF have been collected by the Web of Sciences in


27/11/2018 | Mult Scler   IF 5.3
Longitudinal study of functional brain network reorganization in clinically isolated syndrome.
Koubiyr I, Deloire M, Besson P, Coupe P, Dulau C, Pelletier J, Tourdias T, Audoin B, Brochet B, Ranjeva JP, Ruet A

Abstract:
BACKGROUND:: There is a lack of longitudinal studies exploring the topological organization of functional brain networks at the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE:: This study aims to assess potential brain functional reorganization at rest in patients with CIS (PwCIS) after 1 year of evolution and to characterize the dynamics of functional brain networks at the early stage of the disease. METHODS:: We prospectively included 41 PwCIS and 19 matched healthy controls (HCs). They were scanned at baseline and after 1 year. Using graph theory, topological metrics were calculated for each region. Hub disruption index was computed for each metric. RESULTS:: Hub disruption indexes of degree and betweenness centrality were negative at baseline in patients ( p < 0.05), suggesting brain reorganization. After 1 year, hub disruption indexes for degree and betweenness centrality were still negative ( p < 0.00001), but such reorganization appeared more pronounced than at baseline. Different brain regions were driving these alterations. No global efficiency differences were observed between PwCIS and HCs either at baseline or at 1 year. CONCLUSION:: Dynamic changes in functional brain networks appear at the early stages of MS and are associated with the maintenance of normal global efficiency in the brain, suggesting a compensatory effect.




15/02/2018 | J Neurol Sci   IF 2.4
Preliminary evidence of the cerebellar role on cognitive performances in clinically isolated syndrome.
Moroso A, Ruet A, Lamargue-Hamel D, Munsch F, Deloire M, Ouallet JC, Cubizolle S, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Tourdias T, Dousset V, Brochet B

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar and cognitive dysfunction can occur early in clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). Eye tracking is a reliable tool for the evaluation of both subtle cerebellar symptoms and cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the early cognitive profile using neuropsychological and ocular motor (OM) testing in CIS with and without cerebellar dysfunction with OM testing compared to healthy subjects (HS). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients and 12 HC underwent OM and neuropsychological testing. Cerebellar impairment was defined by the registration of saccadic intrusions and/or at least 10% of dysmetria during ocular motor recording. Visually guided saccade (VGS), memory-guided saccade (MGS) and antisaccade (AS) paradigms were compared to neuropsychological assessments. RESULTS: The group of patients with cerebellar dysfunction (n=16) performed worse on MGS latencies and error rates, and had worse working memory, executive function and information processing speed (IPS) z scores than patients without cerebellar dysfunction. IPS was correlated with the AS error rate in all patients and with the VGS error rate and the MGS final eye position ratio in cerebellar patients. CONCLUSION: Eye tracking is a sensitive tool to assess cognitive and cerebellar dysfunctions in CIS. In CIS patients, cerebellar impairment is associated with working memory, executive functions and IPS slowness.




13/01/2018 | Hum Brain Mapp   IF 4.9
Regional hippocampal vulnerability in early multiple sclerosis: Dynamic pathological spreading from dentate gyrus to CA1.
Planche V, Koubiyr I, Romero JE, Manjon JV, Coupe P, Deloire M, Dousset V, Brochet B, Ruet A, Tourdias T

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Whether hippocampal subfields are differentially vulnerable at the earliest stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) and how this impacts memory performance is a current topic of debate. METHOD: We prospectively included 56 persons with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of MS in a 1-year longitudinal study, together with 55 matched healthy controls at baseline. Participants were tested for memory performance and scanned with 3 T MRI to assess the volume of 5 distinct hippocampal subfields using automatic segmentation techniques. RESULTS: At baseline, CA4/dentate gyrus was the only hippocampal subfield with a volume significantly smaller than controls (p < .01). After one year, CA4/dentate gyrus atrophy worsened (-6.4%, p < .0001) and significant CA1 atrophy appeared (both in the stratum-pyramidale and the stratum radiatum-lacunosum-moleculare, -5.6%, p < .001 and -6.2%, p < .01, respectively). CA4/dentate gyrus volume at baseline predicted CA1 volume one year after CIS (R(2) = 0.44 to 0.47, p < .001, with age, T2 lesion-load, and global brain atrophy as covariates). The volume of CA4/dentate gyrus at baseline was associated with MS diagnosis during follow-up, independently of T2-lesion load and demographic variables (p < .05). Whereas CA4/dentate gyrus volume was not correlated with memory scores at baseline, CA1 atrophy was an independent correlate of episodic verbal memory performance one year after CIS (ss = 0.87, p < .05). CONCLUSION: The hippocampal degenerative process spread from dentate gyrus to CA1 at the earliest stage of MS. This dynamic vulnerability is associated with MS diagnosis after CIS and will ultimately impact hippocampal-dependent memory performance.




2018 | front neurol
Differential Gray Matter Vulnerability in the 1 Year Following a Clinically Isolated Syndrome.
Koubiyr I, Deloire M, Coupe P, Dulau C, Besson P, Moroso A, Planche V, Tourdias T, Brochet B, Ruet A

Abstract:
Background and purpose: Whether some gray matter (GM) regions are differentially vulnerable at the early stages of MS is still unknown. The objective of this study is to investigate whether deep and cortical GM are differentially vulnerable after a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: Fifty-six patients with CIS (PwCIS) and 38 healthy controls (HC) had conventional and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at baseline and 46 PwCIS and 20 HC were rescanned after 1 year. Deep GM (DGM) volumes, cortical thickness (CTh), and DTI metrics (FA: fractional anisotropy; MD: mean diffusivity) within these structures were calculated for each participant at each time-point and compared between PwCIS and HC. Linear regression models were used to investigate whether baseline DTI parameters could predict GM volume loss over time. Results: At baseline, GM volumes did not differ between PwCIS and HC, but hippocampal MD was higher in PwCIS than HC (p < 0.01). Over 1 year, GM alterations became more widespread with putamen and hippocampus volumes decreasing in PwCIS (p < 0.01), and cortical thinning in different parts of the cortex along with a significant increase of MD. Hippocampus MD at baseline could predict its volume loss (R (2) = 0.159; p < 0.05) and cortical thinning was associated to microstructural damage (Spearman's rho ranging from -0.424 to -0.603 with p < 0.003). Conclusion: Along with MS being a diffuse inflammatory disease, GM showed a differential vulnerability at the early stage spreading from hippocampus to the cortex. Hippocampus volume loss could be predicted by its MD at baseline.




26/12/2017 | Presse Med   IF 0.9
[Towards a national strategy on the diagnosis of neurocognitive disorders. A shared approach among the French National College of General Practitioners and specialists of neurocognitive disorders].
Krolak-Salmon P, Letrilliart L, Ceccaldi M, Andrieu S, Guerin O, Dubois B, Brochet B, Vandel P, Jeandel C, Leperre-Desplanques A, Clanet M, Druais PL

Abstract:
Neurocognitive disorders leading to progressive cognitive, functional and behavioural impairment are often undiagnosed or diagnosed lately. But tailored care and therapeutics help in implementing secondary and tertiary prevention dynamics aiming at preserving quality of life and delaying, anticipating or preventing behavioural crisis and severe stages of dementia. Moreover, the diagnosis of numerous diseases induces specific care and therapeutics, as well access to research and clinical trials. For the first time, the representatives of the National College of General Practitioners, the French Federation of Memory Centres, the French Federation of Gerontology and Geriatrics, the French Federation of Neurology, the French Society of Psychogeriatrics and the national plan on neurodegenerative diseases propose a graduated and tailored diagnosis strategy involving primary care and specialists of neurocognitive disorders. This strategy has been built in the context of the national plan on neurodegenerative diseases, the European Joint Action 'Act on dementia', and has been consensually agreed after a seminar animated by the National College of General Practitioners in March 2017.




15/11/2017 | J Neurol Sci   IF 2.4
Cognition and quality of life in clinically isolated syndrome patients starting a disease modifying therapy in the QUALICIS study may not predict treatment response at one year.
Cohen M, Brochet B, Clavelou P, Le Page E, Vermersch P, Tourbah A, Moreau T, Joly H, Sakarovitch C, Lebrun C

Abstract:
Cognition and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are early involved in multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of QUALICIS study was to monitor cognition and HRQoL prospectively in a cohort of clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients starting a treatment with subcutaneous beta-1b interferon as a first disease modifying treatment (DMT), and to assess their correlation with the clinical outcome 6years later. Relapse history, EDSS and yearly standardized brain MRI data were also collected. 37 patients were included. Cognition and HRQoL remained stable over treatment period. At baseline, we found that SDMT was moderately correlated to T2 lesion load (r=-0.47, p=0.04). Baseline SDMT was predictive of HRQoL at year 2 (r=0.53, p=0.02). Regarding 6-year outcome, the most specific predictive factor of favorable outcome was achieving 'No Evidence of Disease Activity' (NEDA) status at year 1. In this group, all the patients had a stable EDSS score and none switched to a second line therapy. In the 'non-NEDA' group, 44% of patients experienced EDSS worsening and 38.9% switched to a second line therapy. The number of gadolinium enhancing lesions on baseline scan was the only predictive factor of poor outcome in this subgroup of patients (2 vs. 0.13, p=0.03). Our results suggest that NEDA at 1year could be used to predict long term outcome after initiation of DMT in CIS. For non-NEDA patients, monitoring SDMT and brain atrophy could be potentially relevant, but this should be confirmed on a larger sample.




15/11/2017 | J Neurol Sci   IF 2.4
Improvement of quality of life and its relationship with neuropsychiatric outcomes in patients with multiple sclerosis starting treatment with natalizumab: A 3-year follow-up multicentric study.
Planche V, Moisset X, Morello R, Dumont E, Gibelin M, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Mondou A, Reuter F, Defer G, Pelletier J, Brochet B, Clavelou P

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is impaired in multiple sclerosis (MS) but can be improved by disease-modifying therapies such as natalizumab. However, the predictive factors and neuropsychiatric correlates of HRQoL improvement are unknown. METHODS: In this study, 48 patients with relapsing-remitting MS were included in a 3-year open-label, single group, multicenter, clinical trial (NCT01392872). HRQoL was measured by the disease-specific MusiQoL questionnaire, together with physical disability, cognition, fatigue, anxiety and depression scores at baseline, 6months, 12months, 18months and 36months after starting natalizumab therapy. RESULTS: Compared to baseline, global HRQoL, as measured with the index of the MusiQoL, was significantly increased 6months after the beginning of natalizumab therapy, with medium effect-size (58.6+/-16.2 vs 69.8+/-18.9, p<0.001, Cohen's d=0.63). This improvement was maintained over time for up to 3years and mainly concerned activity of daily living, psychological well-being, symptoms and coping (p<0.001 for every dimensions). The variation of global HRQoL after 3years was negatively correlated with the variation of fatigue score (r=-0.44, p=0.015). Furthermore, a higher fatigue score at baseline was correlated with improvement in global HRQoL 3years afterwards (r=0.34, p=0.041), independently of age, educational level, disease duration and disability at baseline (beta=2.45, p=0.020). Disability at baseline, cognitive impairment, anxiety and depression failed to predict or correlate with global HRQoL improvement in multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION: Natalizumab improved HRQoL quickly and sustainably in patients with relapsing-remitting MS. In terms of HRQoL, natalizumab seems to benefit mostly patients with more marked fatigue at baseline.




11/2017 | mult scler relat disord
Treating asymptomatic bacteriuria before immunosuppressive therapy during multiple sclerosis: Should we do it?
Rouzaud C, Hautecoeur P, Donze C, Heinzlef O, Dinh A, Creange A, Abdullatif A, Audouin B, Tourbah A, Berger E, Bourre B, Brochet B, Mekies C, Cabre P, Papeix C, Casez O, Brassat D, Defer G, Derache N, De Seze J, Dive D, LePage E, Fromont A, Gouider R, Edan G, Pelletier J, Grimaud J, Guennoc AM, Camdessanche JP, Kwiatkowski A, Laplaud D, Lebrun C, Debouverie M, Coustans M, Gout O, La Rochelle OA, Heinzlef O, Ouallet JC, Cavelou P, Hautecoeur P, Labauge P, Vermersch P, Wiertlewski S, Vukusic S, Marignier R, Schluep M, Seeldrayers P, Slassi I, Stankoff B, Thaite F, Moreau T, Thouvenot E, Zephir H, Ciron J, Collongues N, Kerschen P, Cohen M, Gueguen A, Mathey G, Carra C, Bernady P, Faucheux JM, Planque E, Donze C, Ruet A, Mouzawakh C, Pittion S

Abstract:





10/2017 | J Neurol   IF 3.8
Optic neuritis in patients with anti-MOG antibodies spectrum disorder: MRI and clinical features from a large multicentric cohort in France.
Biotti D, Bonneville F, Tournaire E, Ayrignac X, Dalliere CC, Mahieu L, Vignal C, Dulau C, Brochet B, Ruet A, Ouallet JC, Gout O, Heran F, Menjot de Champfleur N, Tourdias T, Deneve M, Labauge P, Deschamps R

Abstract:





08/2017 | brain behav   IF 2.2
Pattern separation performance is decreased in patients with early multiple sclerosis.
Planche V, Ruet A, Charre-Morin J, Deloire M, Brochet B, Tourdias T

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Hippocampal-dependent memory impairment is frequent and occurs early during the course of multiple sclerosis (MS). While mechanisms responsible for episodic memory dysfunction in patients with MS remain largely unknown, dentate gyrus structure has been suggested as particularly vulnerable at the early stage of the disease. If true, we hypothesized that the pattern separation component of episodic memory (a function known to be critically dependent to dentate gyrus function) would be impaired in patients with early MS (PweMS). METHODS: Thirty eight participants (19 PweMS and 19 healthy controls matched on age, gender and education level) were tested with a behavioral pattern separation task and also for information processing speed and visuospatial episodic memory. RESULTS: We report a significant decrease in pattern separation performance in PweMS compared to healthy controls (27.07 vs. 40.01, p = .030 after Holm-Bonferroni correction, d = 1.02) together with a significantly higher pattern completion rate (56.11 vs. 40.95, p = .004 after Holm-Bonferroni correction, d = 1.07) while no difference was found among groups for information processing speed and 'global' visuospatial episodic memory regarding learning, long-term recall or recognition. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that behavioral pattern separation task can detect subtle memory decline in patients with MS and argue for early dentate gyrus dysfunction during the course of the disease.