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Bruno BROCHET





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Cursus:
Neurologue
MD
PU-PH

Expertise: Multiple Sclerosis, Cognition, Imaging





163 publication(s) since Janvier 1987:


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The indicated IF have been collected by the Web of Sciences in


15/08/2020 | J Neurol Sci   IF 3.1
Effect of cognitive rehabilitation on neuropsychological and semiecological testing and on daily cognitive functioning in multiple sclerosis: The REACTIV randomized controlled study.
Lamargue D, Koubiyr I, Deloire M, Saubusse A, Charre-Morin J, Moroso A, Coupe P, Brochet B, Ruet A

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Specific cognitive rehabilitation (SCR) has been suggested for multiple sclerosis (MS). A randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating the therapeutic effects of SCR is necessary. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the superiority of a SCR program (REACTIV) over nonspecific intervention (NSI) for neuropsychological (NP) assessment, virtual reality (VR) cognitive testing and daily cognitive functioning. METHODS: A single-blind RCT compared SCR and NSI in patients with MS with cognitive complaint. Both programs included 50 individual sessions, 3 times a week for 17 weeks in a real-world setting. The primary end-point was NP assessment. Secondary end-points included semiecological VR tasks (Urban Daily Cog(R)) and daily cognitive functioning assessment. Maintenance of the effects at 8 months was studied. RESULTS: Of the 35 patients, 18 completed the SCR, and 17 completed the NSI. Several NP and semiecological scores improved significantly more after SCR than after NSI. More NP scores improved significantly after SCR than after NSI. SCR improved daily cognitive functioning. Most improvements were maintained at 8 months. CONCLUSION: SCR performed in a real-world setting is superior to NSI for improving performance in specific cognitive domains and information processing speed, and for improving cognitive functioning, as evaluated by ecological tools close to daily life and a daily cognitive functioning questionnaire.




23/07/2020 | Rev Neurol (Paris)   IF 1.9
French validation of the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis.
Maubeuge N, Deloire MSA, Brochet B, Erhle N, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Ruet A

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is important to consider in the assessment of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. A short battery of cognitive assessment, the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS), has been developed to address the need for rapid assessment by combining 3 tests assessing the main cognitive spheres reached in MS. OBJECTIVES: To establish regression-based norms of the BICAMS in French speaking healthy subjects (HS) and validate its use in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). METHODS: In all, 123 PwMS including 40 with relapsing-remitting MS, 41 patients with secondary progressive MS and 42 with primary progressive MS and 276 HS were evaluated by the BICAMS including 3 tests, the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), the French Verbal learning test (FVLT) a French-adapted memory test, (or the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) at retesting) and the Brief Visuo-Spatial Memory Test (BVMT-R). The standards for these tests were established in the healthy population using a multiple regression technique. Validity in MS was measured. RESULTS: Regression-based norms of BICAMS tests have been established in the HS population. 50.4% of PwMS have impairment for at least one BICAMS test (-1.5SD on the Z-score). The most common pathological test was the FVLT altered in 36.6% of patients, followed by the SDMT and the BVMT-R. The re-test reliability was good for the various BICAMS tests, 0.891 for SDMT, 0.781 for FVLT/CVLT and 0.669 for BVMT-R. CONCLUSION: This study establishes the validity of the BICAMS as a short and easy to apply battery for a brief assessment of the speed of information processing and episodic memory in MS.




05/05/2020 | j clin apher   IF 1.6
Double-blind, randomized controlled trial of therapeutic plasma exchanges vs sham exchanges in moderate-to-severe relapses of multiple sclerosis.
Brochet B, Deloire M, Germain C, Ouallet JC, Wittkop L, Dulau C, Perez P, Thevenot F, De Seze J, Zephir H, Vermersch P, Pittion S, Debouverie M, Laplaud DA, Clavelou P, Ruet A

Abstract:
INTRODUCTION: No randomized controlled clinical trial of therapeutic plasma exchanges (TPE) has yet been performed for moderate-to-severe relapses of multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To compare TPE to sham-TPE in patients with a recent steroid-resistant moderate-to-severe MS relapse. METHODS: Patients presenting with an MS relapse of less than 2 months without improvement and 15 days after a course of steroids were randomized. Specific criteria were used for each relapse type to define moderate-to-severe disability. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with at least a moderate improvement based on objective and functional evaluation after 1 month. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients were randomized. The intention-to-treat analysis included 14 patients in the TPE group and 17 in the Sham-TPE group. The proportion of patients with at least moderate improvement at 1 month did not differ between the groups (P = .72), although 57.1% of the TPE group had full recovery compared with 17.6% of the sham group. Considering optic neuritis (ON), a significant difference in the proportion of different levels of improvement was observed in favor of the TPE group (P = .04). The combined Kurtzke's functional systems scores were significantly more improved in the TPE group than in the sham-TPE group at months 1 (P < .01), 3 (P < .05), and 6 (P < .05). No major side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: A significant difference between TPE and Sham-TPE at the primary endpoint was only observed in patients with ON. Neurological function improved significantly more often in the TPE group than in the sham-TPE group.




05/09/2019 | Brain   IF 11.8
Dynamic modular-level alterations of structural-functional coupling in clinically isolated syndrome.
Koubiyr I, Besson P, Deloire M, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Tourdias T, Brochet B, Ruet A

Abstract:
Structural and functional connectivity abnormalities have been reported previously in multiple sclerosis. However, little is known about how each modality evolution relates to the other. Recent studies in other neurological disorders have suggested that structural-functional coupling may be more sensitive in detecting brain alterations than any single modality. Accordingly, this study aimed to investigate the longitudinal evolution of structural-functional coupling, both at the global and modular levels, in the first year following clinically isolated syndrome. We hypothesized that during the course of multiple sclerosis, patients exhibit a decoupling between functional and structural connectivity due to the disruptive nature of the disease. Forty-one consecutive patients with clinically isolated syndrome were prospectively enrolled in this study, along with 19 age-, sex- and educational level-matched healthy control subjects. These participants were followed for 1 year and underwent resting-state functional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging at each time point, along with an extensive neuropsychological assessment. Graph theory analysis revealed structural reorganization at baseline that appeared as an increase in the clustering coefficient in patients compared to controls (P < 0.05), as well as modular-specific alterations. After 1 year of follow-up, both structural and functional reorganization was depicted with abnormal modular-specific connectivity and an increase of the functional betweenness centrality in patients compared to controls (P < 0.01). More importantly, structural-functional decoupling was observed in the salience, visual and somatomotor networks. These alterations were present along with preserved cognitive performance at this stage. These results depict structural damage preceding functional reorganization at a global and modular level during the first year following clinically isolated syndrome along with normal cognitive performance, suggesting a compensation mechanism at this stage of the disease. Principally, structural-functional decoupling observed for the first time in multiple sclerosis suggests that functional reorganization occurs along indirect anatomical pathways.




13/08/2019 | Neurology   IF 8.7
Comparative effectiveness of teriflunomide vs dimethyl fumarate in multiple sclerosis.
Laplaud DA, Casey R, Barbin L, Debouverie M, De Seze J, Brassat D, Wiertlewski S, Brochet B, Pelletier J, Vermersch P, Edan G, Lebrun-Frenay C, Clavelou P, Thouvenot E, Camdessanche JP, Tourbah A, Stankoff B, Al Khedr A, Cabre P, Lubetzki C, Papeix C, Berger E, Heinzlef O, Debroucker T, Moreau T, Gout O, Bourre B, Wahab A, Labauge P, Magy L, Defer G, Guennoc AM, Maubeuge N, Labeyrie C, Patry I, Nifle C, Casez O, Michel L, Rollot F, Leray E, Vukusic S, Foucher Y

Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we compared the effectiveness of teriflunomide (TRF) and dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on both clinical and MRI outcomes in patients followed prospectively in the Observatoire Francais de la Sclerose en Plaques. METHODS: A total of 1,770 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) (713 on TRF and 1,057 on DMF) with an available baseline brain MRI were included in intention to treat. The 1- and 2-year postinitiation outcomes were relapses, increase of T2 lesions, increase in Expanded Disability Status Scale score, and reason for treatment discontinuation. Propensity scores (inverse probability weighting) and logistic regressions were estimated. RESULTS: The confounder-adjusted proportions of patients were similar in TRF- compared to DMF-treated patients for relapses and disability progression after 1 and 2 years. However, the adjusted proportion of patients with at least one new T2 lesion after 2 years was lower in DMF compared to TRF (60.8% vs 72.2%, odds ratio [OR] 0.60, p < 0.001). Analyses of reasons for treatment withdrawal showed that lack of effectiveness was reported for 8.5% of DMF-treated patients vs 14.5% of TRF-treated patients (OR 0.54, p < 0.001), while adverse events accounted for 16% of TRF-treated patients and 21% of DMF-treated patients after 2 years (OR 1.39, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: After 2 years of treatment, we found similar effectiveness of DMF and TRF in terms of clinical outcomes, but with better MRI-based outcomes for DMF-treated patients, resulting in a lower rate of treatment discontinuation due to lack of effectiveness. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class III evidence that for patients with RRMS, TRF and DMF have similar clinical effectiveness after 2 years of treatment.




31/05/2019 | Mult Scler   IF 5.6
Frequency and characteristics of short versus longitudinally extensive myelitis in adults with MOG antibodies: A retrospective multicentric study.
Ciron J, Cobo-Calvo A, Audoin B, Bourre B, Brassat D, Cohen M, Collongues N, Deschamps R, Durand-Dubief F, Laplaud D, Maillart E, Papeix C, Zephir H, Bereau M, Brochet B, Carra-Dalliere C, Derache N, Gagou-Scherer C, Henry C, Kerschen P, Mathey G, Maubeuge N, Maurousset A, Montcuquet A, Moreau T, Prat C, Taithe F, Thouvenot E, Tourbah A, Rollot F, Vukusic S, Marignier R

Abstract:
OBJECTIVES: We aim to (1) determine the frequency and distinctive features of short myelitis (SM) and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) in a cohort of adults with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-antibody (Ab)-associated myelitis and (2) determine baseline prognostic factors among MOG-Ab-positive patients whose disease started with myelitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical and paraclinical variables from a multicentric French cohort of adults with MOG-Ab-associated myelitis. At last follow-up, patients were classified into two groups according to the severity of the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) as 2.5 or 3.0. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients with at least one episode of myelitis over disease course were included; among them, 28 (38.4%) presented with SM at the time of the first myelitis. Motor and sphincter involvement was less frequently observed in SM (51.9% and 48.2%, respectively) than in LETM patients (83.3% and 78.6%, respectively), p = 0.007 and p = 0.017; 61% of LETM patients displayed brain lesions compared to 28.6% in the SM group, p = 0.008, and the thoracic segment was more frequently involved in the LETM (82.2%) than in the SM group (39.3%), p < 0.001. EDSS at last follow-up was higher in LETM (median 3.0 (interquartile range: 2.0-4.0)) compared to SM patients (2.0, (1.0-3.0)), p = 0.042. Finally, a higher EDSS at onset was identified as the only independent risk factor for EDSS 3.0 (odds ratio, 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01-1.95, p = 0.046). CONCLUSION: SM in MOG-Ab-associated disease is not rare. The severity at onset was the only independent factor related to the final prognosis in MOG-Ab-associated myelitis.




05/2019 | Mult Scler   IF 5.6
Efficacy of rituximab in refractory RRMS.
Durozard P, Maarouf A, Boutiere C, Ruet A, Brochet B, Vukusic S, Carra-Dalliere C, Labauge P, Mathey G, Debouverie M, Papeix C, Maillart E, Lubetzki C, Bensa C, Gout O, Giannesini C, Stankoff B, Ciron J, Brassat D, Pelletier J, Rico Lamy A, Audoin B

Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of rituximab as rescue therapy in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and persistent disease activity confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) despite immunosuppressive disease-modifying therapy (DMT). METHODS: In this observational nationwide retrospective multicenter study, we first identified 351 off-label rituximab-treated patients through a cohort of 15,984 RRMS patients. In this group, we identified patients with disease activity prior to rituximab confirmed by MRI (one or more new T2 lesion and/or gadolinium-enhancing lesion) despite immunosuppressive DMT (fingolimod, natalizumab, or mitoxantrone) with a follow-up after rituximab initiation longer than 6 months. Outcome data were collected from the French Observatory of Multiple Sclerosis (OFSEP) register and medical charts. RESULTS: A total of 50 patients were identified. Median rituximab treatment duration was 1.1 (0.5-6.4) year. Mean annualized relapse rate significantly decreased from 0.8 during last immunosuppressive DMT to 0.18 after rituximab ( p < 0.0001). While 72% of patients showed gadolinium-enhancing lesions on the last MRI performed during last immunosuppressive DMT, 8% of them showed gadolinium-enhancing lesions on the first MRI performed 6.1 (range 1.4-18.4) months after rituximab ( p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: This study provides level IV evidence that rituximab reduces clinical and MRI disease activity in patients with active RRMS despite immunosuppressive DMT.




02/2019 | mult scler relat disord   IF 2.7
First clinical inflammatory demyelinating events of the central nervous system in a population aged over 70 years: A multicentre study.
Lavandier N, Bonnan M, Carra-Dalliere C, Charif M, Labauge P, Camdessanche JP, Edan G, Naudin A, Brassat D, Ciron J, Clavelou P, Dulau C, Moroso A, Brochet B, Ouallet JC

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Few data are available regarding patients with very late-onset inflammatory demyelinating events. (VLO-IDE). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, biological, and radiological characteristics and aetiological diagnosis of very late first inflammatory demyelinating events of the central nervous system. METHODS: We conducted a national descriptive retrospective multicentre study on a case series of patients aged >70 years at the time of VLO-IDE. Patients were recruited from a national call on behalf of the 'Societe Francophone de la Sclerose en Plaques' (French Multiple Sclerosis Society). RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were referred (F:M sex ratio 2.1:1). The most frequent clinical impairment was a spinal cord deficit (23/25), usually severe (disability score, median EDSS 4.5 [2-9.5]). Spinal cord lesions were usually extensive, spanning at least three segments (11/25), and large brain lesions were also observed (lesions >20mm in 6/25). The final aetiological diagnoses comprised multiple sclerosis (9/25), neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (7/25), neurosystemic lupus erythematosus (2/25), transverse myelitis without aetiological diagnosis (6/25) and optic neuritis (1/25). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights a particular phenotype of first clinical inflammatory demyelinating events in predominantly female patients aged >70 years who have severe motor impairment with common longitudinal extensive myelitis and large and common very active radiological inflammatory lesions. Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders seem overrepresented.




11/01/2019 | Neurology   IF 8.7
The cognitive effects of anxiety and depression in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases.
Feinstein A, Brochet B, Sumowski J

Abstract:





Abstract:
The relationships between cognitive impairment that exist during the clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS) remain poorly described. The effect of disease duration has been studied in a few longitudinal cohorts and some cross-sectional studies that suggest that cognitive deficits tend to extend with disease duration. However, the effect of disease duration seems to be confounded by the effect of age. At the pre-clinical stage, cognitive deficits have been observed in patients with radiologically isolated syndromes, and their profile is similar than in clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) and relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). The frequency of cognitive impairment tends to be higher in RRMS than in CIS. In these phenotypes, slowness of information processing speed (IPS) and episodic verbal and visuo-spatial memory deficits are frequently observed, but executive functions, and in particular verbal fluency, could also be impaired. More frequent and severe deficits are reported in SPMS than in RRMS with more severe deficits for memory tests, working memory and IPS. Similarly to what is observed in SPMS, patients with primary progressive MS (PPMS) present with a wide range of cognitive deficits in IPS, attention, working memory, executive functions, and verbal episodic memory with more tests and domains impaired than RRMS patients. Altogether these data suggested that not only the duration of the disease and age play an important role in the cognitive profile of patients, but also the phenotype itself, probably because of its specific pathological mechanism.