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MD: Radiology, Bordeaux (2008)
PhD: Neurosciences, Bordeaux (2011)
Post doc: Stanford University, CA, USA (2013)
Professeur des Universités - Praticien Hospitalier; PU PH (2016)

81 publication(s) since Décembre 2006:

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The indicated IF have been collected by the Web of Sciences in

06/08/2020 | Hum Brain Mapp   IF 4.4
Improved Vim targeting for focused ultrasound ablation treatment of essential tremor: A probabilistic and patient-specific approach.
Su JH, Choi EY, Tourdias T, Saranathan M, Halpern CH, Henderson JM, Pauly KB, Ghanouni P, Rutt BK

Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) ablation of the ventral intermediate (Vim) thalamic nucleus is an incisionless treatment for essential tremor (ET). The standard initial targeting method uses an approximate, atlas-based stereotactic approach. We developed a new patient-specific targeting method to identify an individual's Vim and the optimal MRgFUS target region therein for suppression of tremor. In this retrospective study of 14 ET patients treated with MRgFUS, we investigated the ability of WMnMPRAGE, a highly sensitive and robust sequence for imaging gray matter-white matter contrast, to identify the Vim, FUS ablation, and a clinically efficacious region within the Vim in individual patients. We found that WMnMPRAGE can directly visualize the Vim in ET patients, segmenting this nucleus using manual or automated segmentation capabilities developed by our group. WMnMPRAGE also delineated the ablation's core and penumbra, and showed that all patients' ablation cores lay primarily within their Vim segmentations. We found no significant correlations between standard ablation features (e.g., ablation volume, Vim-ablation overlap) and 1-month post-treatment clinical outcome. We then defined a group-based probabilistic target, which was nonlinearly warped to individual brains; this target was located within the Vim for all patients. The overlaps between this target and patient ablation cores correlated significantly with 1-month clinical outcome (r = -.57, p = .03), in contrast to the standard target (r = -.23, p = .44). We conclude that WMnMPRAGE is a highly sensitive sequence for segmenting Vim and ablation boundaries in individual patients, allowing us to find a novel tremor-associated center within Vim and potentially improving MRgFUS treatment for ET.

01/06/2020 | neuroradiology   IF 2.2
Higher b-values improve the correlation between diffusion MRI and the cortical microarchitecture.
Mournet S, Okubo G, Koubiyr I, Zhang B, Kusahara H, Prevost VH, Ichinose N, Triaire B, Hiba B, Dousset V, Tourdias T

PURPOSE: In diffusion MRI (dMRI), it remains unclear to know how much increase of b-value is conveying additional biological meaning. We tested the correlations between cortical microarchitecture and diffusion metrics computed from standard (1000 s/mm(2)), high (3000 s/mm(2)), to very high (5000 s/mm(2)) b-value dMRI. METHODS: Healthy volunteers were scanned with a dMRI pulse sequence that was first optimized together with a T1-WI and T2-WI. Averaged cortical surface map of estimated myelin (T1-WI/T2-WI) was compared with surface maps of mean diffusivity (MD) computed from each b-value (MD1000, MD3000, and MD5000) and to surface map of mean kurtosis (MK computed from the 0-, 1000-, to 3000-s/mm(2) shells) in 360 cortical parcels using Spearman correlations, multiple linear regressions, and Akaike information criteria (AIC). RESULTS: Surface map from MD1000 showed variations not related to myelin but the MD3000 and MD5000 maps inversely mirrored estimated myelin map; lower MD values being observed in more myelinated cortical areas. MK mirrored myelinated cortical areas. Quantitatively, Spearman correlations between myelin and MD became more and more negative as long as b-values increased while the correlation was positive between myelin and MK. Multiple regression models confirmed negative associations between myelin and MD that were significantly better from MD1000 to MD3000 and MD5000 (R(2) = 0.33, p < 0.001; R(2) = 0.43, p < 0.001; and R(2) = 0.50, p < 0.001) and positive association between myelin and MK (R(2) = 0.53, p < 0.001). Comparisons of the 3 statistical models showed the best performances with MK and MD5000 (AICMK < AICMD5000 < AICMD3000 < AICMD1000). CONCLUSION: Higher b-values are more closely related to subtle cellular variations of the cortical microarchitecture.

06/2020 | j Neuroradiol   IF 3.4
New OFSEP recommendations for MRI assessment of multiple sclerosis patients: Special consideration for gadolinium deposition and frequent acquisitions.
Brisset JC, Kremer S, Hannoun S, Bonneville F, Durand-Dubief F, Tourdias T, Barillot C, Guttmann C, Vukusic S, Dousset V, Cotton F

PURPOSE: New multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), which exert beneficial effects through prevention of relapse, limitation of disability progression, and improvement of patients' quality of life, have recently emerged. Nonetheless, these DMTs are not without associated complications (severe adverse events like. progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy). Patient follow-up requires regular clinical evaluations and close monitoring with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Detection of new T2 lesions and potential brain atrophy measurements contribute to the evaluation of treatment effectiveness. Current MRI protocols for MS recommend the acquisition of an annual gadolinium (Gd) enhanced MRI, resulting in administration of high volume of contrast agents over time and Gd accumulation in the brain. METHODS: A consensus report was established by neuroradiologists and neurologists from the French Observatory of MS, which aimed at reducing the number of Gd injections required during MS patient follow-up. RECOMMENDATIONS: The French Observatory of MS recommends the use of macrocyclic Gd enhancement at time of diagnosis, when a new DMT is introduced, at 6-month re- baseline, and when previous scans are unavailable for comparison. Gd administration can be performed as an option in case of relapse or suspicion of intercurrent disease such as progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Other follow-up MRIs do not require contrast enhancement, provided current and previous MRI acquisitions follow the same standardized protocol including 3D FLAIR sequences.

21/05/2020 | Brain Struct Funct   IF 3.3
A systematic comparison of structural-, structural connectivity-, and functional connectivity-based thalamus parcellation techniques.
Iglehart C, Monti M, Cain J, Tourdias T, Saranathan M

The thalamus consists of several histologically and functionally distinct nuclei increasingly implicated in brain pathology and important for treatment, motivating the need for development of fast and accurate thalamic parcellation. The contrast between thalamic nuclei as well as between the thalamus and surrounding tissues is poor in T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), inhibiting efforts to date to segment the thalamus using standard clinical MRI. Automatic parcellation techniques have been developed to leverage thalamic features better captured by advanced MRI methods, including magnetization prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo (MP-RAGE), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and resting-state functional MRI (fMRI). Despite operating on fundamentally different image contrasts, these methods claim a high degree of agreement with the Morel stereotactic atlas of the thalamus. However, no comparison has been undertaken to compare the results of these disparate parcellation methods. We have implemented state-of-the- art structural-, diffusion-, and functional imaging-based thalamus parcellation techniques and used them on a single set of subjects. We present the first systematic qualitative and quantitative comparison of these methods. The results show that DTI parcellation agrees more with structural parcellation in the larger thalamic nuclei, while rsfMRI parcellation agrees more with structural parcellation in the smaller nuclei. Structural parcellation is the most accurate in the delineation of small structures such as the habenular, antero-ventral, and medial geniculate nuclei.

16/04/2020 | Eur J Neurol   IF 4.5
Advanced multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor.
Lecler A, Broquet V, Bailleux J, Carsin B, Adle-Biassette H, Baloglu S, Forestier G, Bonneville F, Calvier E, Chauvet D, Comby PO, Cottier JP, Cotton F, Deschamps R, Diard-Detoeuf C, Ducray F, Drissi C, Elmaleh M, Farras J, Aguilar Garcia J, Gerardin E, Grand S, Jianu DC, Kremer S, Loiseau H, Magne N, Mejdoubi M, Moulignier A, Ollivier M, Nagi S, Rodallec M, Shor N, Tourdias T, Vandendries C, Anxionnat R, Duron L, Savatovsky J

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor (MVNT) of the cerebrum is a rare brain lesion with suggestive imaging features. The aim of our study was to report the largest series of MVNTs so far and to evaluate the utility of advanced multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR) techniques. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study was approved by our institutional research ethics board. From July 2014 to May 2019, two radiologists read in consensus the MR examinations of patients presenting with a lesion suggestive of an MVNT. They analyzed the lesions' MR characteristics on structural images and advanced multiparametric MR imaging. RESULTS: A total of 64 patients (29 women and 35 men, mean age 44.2 +/- 15.1 years) from 25 centers were included. Lesions were all hyperintense on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and T2-weighted imaging without post-contrast enhancement. The median relative apparent diffusion coefficient on diffusion-weighted imaging was 1.13 [interquartile range (IQR), 0.2]. Perfusion-weighted imaging showed no increase in perfusion, with a relative cerebral blood volume of 1.02 (IQR, 0.05) and a relative cerebral blood flow of 1.01 (IQR, 0.08). MR spectroscopy showed no abnormal peaks. Median follow-up was 2 (IQR, 1.2) years, without any changes in size. CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive characterization protocol including advanced multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging sequences showed no imaging patterns suggestive of malignancy in MVNTs. It might be useful to better characterize MVNTs.

02/2020 | Stroke   IF 7.2
Normal-Appearing White Matter Integrity Is a Predictor of Outcome After Ischemic Stroke.
Sagnier S, Catheline G, Dilharreguy B, Linck PA, Coupe P, Munsch F, Bigourdan A, Debruxelles S, Poli M, Olindo S, Renou P, Rouanet F, Dousset V, Berthoz S, Tourdias T, Sibon I

Background and Purpose- The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) integrity and postischemic stroke recovery in 4 main domains including cognition, mood, gait, and dependency. Methods- A prospective study was conducted, including patients diagnosed for an ischemic supratentorial stroke on a 3T brain MRI performed 24 to 72 hours after symptom onset. Clinical assessment 1 year after stroke included a Montreal Cognitive Assessment, an Isaacs set test, a Zazzo cancelation task, a Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale, a 10-meter walking test, and a modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Diffusion tensor imaging parameters in the NAWM were computed using FMRIB (Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain) Diffusion Toolbox. The relationships between mean NAWM diffusion tensor imaging parameters and the clinical scores were assessed using linear and ordinal regression analyses, including the volumes of white matter hyperintensities, gray matter, and ischemic stroke as radiological covariates. Results- Two hundred seven subjects were included (66+/-13 years old; 67% men; median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, 3; interquartile range, 2-6). In the models including only radiological variables, NAWM fractional anisotropy was associated with the mRS and the cognitive scores. After adjusting for demographic confounders, NAWM fractional anisotropy remained a significant predictor of mRS (beta=-0.24; P=0.04). Additional path analysis showed that NAWM fractional anisotropy had a direct effect on mRS (beta=-0.241; P=0.001) and a less important indirect effect mediating white matter hyperintensity burden. Similar results were found with mean diffusivity, axial diffusivity, and radial diffusivity. In further subgroup analyses, a relationship between NAWM integrity in widespread white matter tracts, mRS, and Isaacs set test was found in right hemispheric strokes. Conclusions- NAWM diffusion tensor imaging parameters measured early after an ischemic stroke are independent predictors of functional outcome and may be additional markers to include in studies evaluating poststroke recovery.

10/2019 | AJNR Am J Neuroradiol   IF 3.3
Multinodular and Vacuolating Posterior Fossa Lesions of Unknown Significance.
Lecler A, Bailleux J, Carsin B, Adle-Biassette H, Baloglu S, Bogey C, Bonneville F, Calvier E, Comby PO, Cottier JP, Cotton F, Deschamps R, Diard-Detoeuf C, Ducray F, Duron L, Drissi C, Elmaleh M, Farras J, Garcia JA, Gerardin E, Grand S, Jianu DC, Kremer S, Magne N, Mejdoubi M, Moulignier A, Ollivier M, Nagi S, Rodallec M, Sadik JC, Shor N, Tourdias T, Vandendries C, Broquet V, Savatovsky J

Multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor of the cerebrum is a rare supratentorial brain tumor described for the first time in 2013. Here, we report 11 cases of infratentorial lesions showing similar striking imaging features consisting of a cluster of low T1-weighted imaging and high T2-FLAIR signal intensity nodules, which we referred to as multinodular and vacuolating posterior fossa lesions of unknown significance. No relationship was found between the location of the lesion and clinical symptoms. A T2-FLAIR hypointense central dot sign was present in images of 9/11 (82%) patients. Cortical involvement was present in 2/11 (18%) of patients. Only 1 nodule of 1 multinodular and vacuolating posterior fossa lesion of unknown significance showed enhancement on postcontrast T1WI. DWI, SWI, MRS, and PWI showed no malignant pattern. Lesions did not change in size or signal during a median follow-up of 3 years, suggesting that multinodular and vacuolating posterior fossa lesions of unknown significance are benign malformative lesions that do not require surgical intervention or removal.

10/2019 | j med imaging (bellingham)
Active learning strategy and hybrid training for infarct segmentation on diffusion MRI with a U-shaped network.
Olivier A, Moal O, Moal B, Munsch F, Okubo G, Sibon I, Dousset V, Tourdias T

Automatic and reliable stroke lesion segmentation from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is critical for patient care. Methods using neural networks have been developed, but the rate of false positives limits their use in clinical practice. A training strategy applied to three-dimensional deconvolutional neural networks for stroke lesion segmentation on diffusion MRI was proposed. Infarcts were segmented by experts on diffusion MRI for 929 patients. We divided each database as follows: 60% for a training set, 20% for validation, and 20% for testing. Our hypothesis was a two-phase hybrid learning scheme, in which the network was first trained with whole MRI (regular phase) and then, in a second phase (hybrid phase), alternately with whole MRI and patches. Patches were actively selected from the discrepancy between expert and model segmentation at the beginning of each batch. On the test population, the performances after the regular and hybrid phases were compared. A statistically significant Dice improvement with hybrid training compared with regular training was demonstrated ( p < 0.01 ). The mean Dice reached 0.711 +/- 0.199 . False positives were reduced by almost 30% with hybrid training ( p < 0.01 ). Our hybrid training strategy empowered deep neural networks for more accurate infarct segmentations on diffusion MRI.

25/09/2019 | Sci Rep   IF 4
Multimodal Hippocampal Subfield Grading For Alzheimer's Disease Classification.
Hett K, Ta VT, Catheline G, Tourdias T, Manjon JV, Coupe P

Numerous studies have proposed biomarkers based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect and predict the risk of evolution toward Alzheimer's disease (AD). Most of these methods have focused on the hippocampus, which is known to be one of the earliest structures impacted by the disease. To date, patch-based grading approaches provide among the best biomarkers based on the hippocampus. However, this structure is complex and is divided into different subfields, not equally impacted by AD. Former in-vivo imaging studies mainly investigated structural alterations of these subfields using volumetric measurements and microstructural modifications with mean diffusivity measurements. The aim of our work is to improve the current classification performances based on the hippocampus with a new multimodal patch-based framework combining structural and diffusivity MRI. The combination of these two MRI modalities enables the capture of subtle structural and microstructural alterations. Moreover, we propose to study the efficiency of this new framework applied to the hippocampal subfields. To this end, we compare the classification accuracy provided by the different hippocampal subfields using volume, mean diffusivity, and our novel multimodal patch-based grading framework combining structural and diffusion MRI. The experiments conducted in this work show that our new multimodal patch-based method applied to the whole hippocampus provides the most discriminating biomarker for advanced AD detection while our new framework applied into subiculum obtains the best results for AD prediction, improving by two percentage points the accuracy compared to the whole hippocampus.

05/09/2019 | Brain   IF 11.8
Dynamic modular-level alterations of structural-functional coupling in clinically isolated syndrome.
Koubiyr I, Besson P, Deloire M, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Tourdias T, Brochet B, Ruet A

Structural and functional connectivity abnormalities have been reported previously in multiple sclerosis. However, little is known about how each modality evolution relates to the other. Recent studies in other neurological disorders have suggested that structural-functional coupling may be more sensitive in detecting brain alterations than any single modality. Accordingly, this study aimed to investigate the longitudinal evolution of structural-functional coupling, both at the global and modular levels, in the first year following clinically isolated syndrome. We hypothesized that during the course of multiple sclerosis, patients exhibit a decoupling between functional and structural connectivity due to the disruptive nature of the disease. Forty-one consecutive patients with clinically isolated syndrome were prospectively enrolled in this study, along with 19 age-, sex- and educational level-matched healthy control subjects. These participants were followed for 1 year and underwent resting-state functional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging at each time point, along with an extensive neuropsychological assessment. Graph theory analysis revealed structural reorganization at baseline that appeared as an increase in the clustering coefficient in patients compared to controls (P < 0.05), as well as modular-specific alterations. After 1 year of follow-up, both structural and functional reorganization was depicted with abnormal modular-specific connectivity and an increase of the functional betweenness centrality in patients compared to controls (P < 0.01). More importantly, structural-functional decoupling was observed in the salience, visual and somatomotor networks. These alterations were present along with preserved cognitive performance at this stage. These results depict structural damage preceding functional reorganization at a global and modular level during the first year following clinically isolated syndrome along with normal cognitive performance, suggesting a compensation mechanism at this stage of the disease. Principally, structural-functional decoupling observed for the first time in multiple sclerosis suggests that functional reorganization occurs along indirect anatomical pathways.