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203 publication(s) since Janvier 1986:

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19/03/2018 | ann surg   IF 9.2
Current Management and Predictive Factors of Lymph Node Metastasis of Appendix Neuroendocrine Tumors: A National Study from the French Group of Endocrine Tumors (GTE).
Rault-Petit B, Do Cao C, Guyetant S, Guimbaud R, Rohmer V, Julie C, Baudin E, Goichot B, Coriat R, Tabarin A, Ramos J, Goudet P, Hervieu V, Scoazec JY, Walter T

OBJECTIVE: The primary endpoint was to analyze the predictive factors of lymph node involvement (LN+). BACKGROUND: Indications for additional right hemicolectomy (RHC) with lymph node (LN) resection after appendectomy for appendix neuroendocrine tumor (A-NET) remain controversial, especially for tumors between 1 and 2 cm in size. METHODS: National study including all patients with nonmetastatic A-NET diagnosed after January, 2010 in France. RESULTS: In all, 403 patients were included. A-NETs were: within tip (67%), body (24%) or base (9%) of the appendix; tumor size was < 1 cm (62%), 1 to 2 cm (30%), or >2 cm (8%); grade 1 (91%); mesoappendix involvement 3 mm (5%); lymphovascular (15%) or perineural (24%) invasion; and positive resection margin (8%). According to the European NeuroEndocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) recommendations, 85 patients (21%) should have undergone RHC. The agreement between ENETS guidelines and the multidisciplinary tumor board for complementary RHC was 89%. In all, 100 (25%) patients underwent RHC with LN resection, 26 of whom had LN+. Tumor size (best cut-off at 1.95 cm), lymphovascular and perineural invasion, and pT classifications were associated with LN+. Among the 44 patients who underwent RHC for a tumor of 1 to 2 cm in size, 8 (18%) had LN+. No predictive factor of LN+ (base, resection margins, grade, mesoappendix, lymphovascular, perineural involvement) was found in this subgroup of patients. CONCLUSIONS: In the largest study using the latest pathological criteria for completion RHC in A-NET, a quarter of patients had residual tumor. Further studies are warranted to demonstrate the survival impact of RHC in this setting.

03/2018 | j nucl med   IF 7.4
Advantages and Limits of Targeted Radionuclide Therapy with Somatostatin Antagonists.
Hindie E, Morgat C, Zanotti-Fregonara P, Haissaguerre M, Bordenave L, Tabarin A


02/2018 | horm cancer   IF 2.6
Time Until Partial Response in Metastatic Adrenocortical Carcinoma Long-Term Survivors.
Vezzosi D, Do Cao C, Hescot S, Bertherat J, Haissaguerre M, Bongard V, Drui D, De La Fouchardiere C, Illouz F, Borson-Chazot F, Djobo B, Berdelou A, Tabarin A, Schlumberger M, Briet C, Caron P, Leboulleux S, Libe R, Baudin E

A partial response (PR) has been proposed as a surrogate for overall survival in advanced adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). The primary endpoint of the study was to characterize the time until a PR in patients with metastatic ACC treated with a standard therapy is achieved. Long-term survivors were selected to allow evaluation of delayed tumor response to mitotane. Records from patients with metastatic ACC that survived for > 24 months were retrieved. Tumor response was analyzed according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria. Time until a tumor response, after treatment initiation or therapeutic plasma mitotane level, was analyzed. Sixty-eight patients were analyzed. The first-line systemic therapy was mitotane as a monotherapy (M) (n = 57) or cytotoxic polychemotherapy plus/minus mitotane (PC +/- M) (n = 11). The second-line therapy was M (n = 2) or PC +/- M (n = 41). Thirty-two PRs occurred in 30/68 patients (44.1%): this was obtained for 13 (40.6%) during M and during PC +/- M for 19/32 responders (59.4%). PRs were observed within 6 months of starting M or PC +/- M in 76.9 and 94.7% of responses, respectively, within 6 months of therapeutic plasma mitotane being first observed in 88.9% of responses with M and in 53.3% of responses with PC +/- M. All PRs (but one) occurred within 1 year after initiating treatment. To conclude, Most patients with metastatic ACC and long survival times had PRs within the first 6 months of standard systemic therapy, and almost all within the first year. The absence of response after that period could be considered as a treatment failure. Maintenance of mitotane therapy in non-responders after 1 year should be questioned in future randomized trials.

02/2018 | Ann Endocrinol (Paris)   IF 1.4
SFE/SFEDP adrenal insufficiency French consensus: Introduction and handbook.
Reznik Y, Barat P, Bertherat J, Bouvattier C, Castinetti F, Chabre O, Chanson P, Cortet C, Delemer B, Goichot B, Gruson D, Guignat L, Proust-Lemoine E, Sanson MR, Reynaud R, Boustani DS, Simon D, Tabarin A, Zenaty D

The French endocrinology society (SFE) and the French pediatric endocrinology society (DFSDP) have drawn up recommendations for the management of primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency in the adult and child, based on an analysis of the literature by 19 experts in 6 work-groups. A diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency should be suspected in the presence of a number of non-specific symptoms except hyperpigmentation which is observed in primary adrenal insufficiency. Diagnosis rely on plasma cortisol and ACTH measurement at 8am and/or the cortisol increase after synacthen administration. When there is a persistant doubt of secondary adrenal insufficiency, insulin hypoglycemia test should be carried out in adults, adolescents and children older than 2 years. For determining the cause of primary adrenal insufficiency, measurement of anti-21-hydroxylase antibodies is the initial testing. An adrenal CT scan should be performed if auto-antibody tests are negative, then assay for very long chain fatty acids is recommended in young males. In children, a genetic anomaly is generally found, most often congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In the case of isolated corticotropin (ACTH) insufficiency, it is recommended to first eliminate corticosteroid-induced adrenal insufficiency, then perform an hypothalamic-pituitary MRI. Acute adrenal insufficiency is a serious condition, a gastrointestinal infection being the most frequently reported initiating factor. After blood sampling for cortisol and ACTH assay, treatment should be commenced by parenteral hydrocortisone hemisuccinate together with the correction of hypoglycemia and hypovolemia. Prevention of acute adrenal crisis requires an education of the patient and/or parent in the case of pediatric patients and the development of educational programs. Treatment of adrenal insufficiency is based on the use of hydrocortisone given at the lowest possible dose, administered several times per day. Mineralocorticoid replacement is often necessary for primary adrenal insufficiency but not for corticotroph deficiency. Androgen replacement by DHEA may be offered in certain conditions. Monitoring is based on the detection of signs of under- and over-dosage and on the diagnosis of associated auto-immune disorders.

01/2018 | World J Surg   IF 2.8
Histologically Proven Bronchial Neuroendocrine Tumors in MEN1: A GTE 51-Case Cohort Study.
Lecomte P, Binquet C, Le Bras M, Tabarin A, Cardot-Bauters C, Borson-Chazot F, Lombard-Bohas C, Baudin E, Delemer B, Klein M, Verges B, Aparicio T, Cosson E, Beckers A, Caron P, Chabre O, Chanson P, Du Boullay H, Guilhem I, Niccoli P, Rohmer V, Guigay J, Vulpoi C, Scoazec JY, Goudet P

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the natural history of MEN1-related bronchial endocrine tumors (br-NETs) and to determine their histological characteristics, survival and causes of death. br-NETs frequency ranges from 3 to 13% and may reach 32% depending on the number of patients evaluated and on the criteria required for diagnosis. METHODS: The 1023-patient series of symptomatic MEN1 patients followed up in a median of 48.7 [35.5-59.6] years by the Groupe d'etude des Tumeurs Endocrines was analyzed using time-to-event techniques. RESULTS: br-NETs were found in 51 patients (4.8%, [95% CI 3.6-6.2%]) and were discovered by imaging in 86% of cases (CT scan, Octreoscan, Chest X-ray, MRI). Median age at diagnosis was 45 years [28-66]. Histological examination showed 27 (53%) typical carcinoids (TC), 16 (31%) atypical carcinoids (AC), 2 (4%) large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNEC), 3(6%) small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (SCLC), 3(6%) TC associated with AC. Overall survival was not different from the rest of the cohort (HR 0.29, [95% CI 0.02-5.14]). AC tended to have a worse prognosis than TC (p = 0.08). Seven deaths were directly related to br-NETs (three AC, three SCLC and one LCNEC). Patients who underwent surgery survived longer (p = 10(-4)) and were metastasis free, while 8 of 14 non-operated patients were metastatic. There were no operative deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Around 5% of MEN1 patients develop br-NETs. br-NETs do not decrease overall survival in MEN1 patients, but poorly differentiated and aggressive br-NETs can cause death. br-NETs must be screened carefully. A biopsy is essential to operate on patients in time.

2018 | front pharmacol   IF 3.8
NPV-BSK805, an Antineoplastic Jak2 Inhibitor Effective in Myeloproliferative Disorders, Causes Adiposity in Mice by Interfering With the Action of Leptin.
Haissaguerre M, Ferriere A, Clark S, Guzman-Quevedo O, Tabarin A, Cota D

The pathophysiology of body weight gain that is observed in patients suffering from myeloproliferative neoplasms treated with inhibitors of the janus kinase (Jak) 1 and 2 pathway remains unknown. Here we hypothesized that this class of drugs interferes with the metabolic actions of leptin, as this hormone requires functional Jak2 signaling. To test this, C57BL/6J chow-fed mice received either chronic intraperitoneal (ip) or repeated intracerebroventricular (icv) administration of the selective Jak2 inhibitor NVP-BSK805, which was proven efficacious in treating polycythemia in rodents. Changes in food intake, body weight and body composition were recorded. Icv NVP-BSK805 was combined with ip leptin to evaluate ability to interfere with the action of this hormone on food intake and on induction of hypothalamic phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). We found that chronic peripheral administration of NVP-BSK805 did not alter food intake, but increased fat mass and feed efficiency. The increase in fat mass was more pronounced during repeated icv administration of the compound, suggesting that metabolic effects were related to molecular interference in brain structures regulating energy balance. Accordingly, acute icv administration of NVP-BSK805 prevented the ability of leptin to decrease food intake and body weight by impeding STAT3 phosphorylation within the hypothalamus. Consequently, acute icv administration of NVP-BSK805 at higher dose induced hyperphagia and body weight gain. Our results provide evidence for a specific anabolic effect exerted by antineoplastic drugs targeting the Jak2 pathway, which is due to interference with the actions of leptin. Consequently, assessment of metabolic variables related to increased fat mass gain should be performed in patients treated with Jak2 inhibitors.

12/2017 | Ann Endocrinol (Paris)   IF 0.9
Serum GH concentrations must now be expressed in mass units in in the rest of the world.
Chanson P, Reynaud R, Coutant R, Linglart A, Nicolino M, Rodien P, Borson-Chazot F, Tabarin A, Le Bouc Y, Piketty ML, Gauchez AS, Chevenne D, Porquet D, Souberbielle JC


12/2017 | Ann Endocrinol (Paris)   IF 0.9
Group 3: Strategies for identifying the cause of adrenal insufficiency: diagnostic algorithms.
Proust-Lemoine E, Reynaud R, Delemer B, Tabarin A, Samara-Boustani D


12/2017 | Ann Endocrinol (Paris)   IF 0.9
Group 2: Adrenal insufficiency: screening methods and confirmation of diagnosis.
Chanson P, Guignat L, Goichot B, Chabre O, Boustani DS, Reynaud R, Simon D, Tabarin A, Gruson D, Reznik Y, Raffin Sanson ML

A diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency should be suspected in the presence of a number of non-specific symptoms (fatigue, anorexia, weight loss, hypotension, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia amongst adrenal causes of insufficiency). The diagnosis should be considered in case of pituitary disease or a state of shock. Treatment should be commenced immediately without waiting for confirmation from biochemical tests, which rely on cortisol level at 8am (expected to be low) and on ACTH level (expected to be high in the case of primary adrenal insufficiency). If these tests are inconclusive, a Synacthen test should be carried out. The threshold limits are provided as a guide. Low plasma cortisol and normal to low plasma ACTH indicates a pituitary origin for the deficiency. In this situation, the Synacthen test can give a false normal result, and if this adrenal insufficiency is strongly suspected, an insulin hypoglycemia test or metyrapone (Metopirone((R))) test should be carried out. In children younger than 2yr, hypoglycemia, dehydration and convulsions are frequently observed and in young girls, virilization is suspect of congenital adrenal hyperplasia . The circadian rhythm of cortisol is not present until after 4months of age and the Synacthen test is the only one that is feasible. In children older than 2yrs, the signs and diagnostic methods are the same as in the adult. Cessation of corticosteroid treatment is a frequent circumstance however there is little published data and no evidence for definitive guidelines. After ceasing a short period of corticosteroid treatment, patient education is all that is required. After longer treatment, consensus leaves the choice up to the physician, between educating the patient and prescribing hydrocortisone in case of stress, or prescribing low daily dose hydrocortisone and evaluating the ACTH axis over time until normal function is recovered.

10/2017 | Ann Endocrinol (Paris)   IF 0.9

Ferriere A, Kerlan V, Tabarin A

The 2017 Endocrine Society annual meeting included several communications and debates on the conservative adrenal surgery in bilateral hereditary pheochromocytomas (BHP), bilateral adrenal macronodular hyperplasia (BAMH) and primary hyperaldosteronism (PHA). The general principle is to preserve a part of the adrenal cortex to prevent the occurrence of a definitive adrenal insufficiency. In BHP, cortical sparing surgery allows more than 50% of patients to maintain normal corticotropic function at 10 years with a low recurrence rate (~ 10%). Since the adrenal medulla cannot be removed entirely, recurrence seems inevitable and long-term follow-up is essential. Individual risk of malignancy must be taken into account. In BAMH responsible for Cushing syndrome, unilateral adrenalectomy induces a normalization of urinary free cortisol in 92 to 100% of cases and even corticotropic insufficiency in 40 to 100% of cases. This is most often transient. Late recurrences of Cushing's syndrome may occur in 13 to 60% of cases. Prolonged patient monitoring is therefore essential. In PAH with lateralized aldosterone production, minimally invasive partial adrenal surgery, which consists of removing only the adrenal adenoma visualized at TDM, allows an improvement blood pressure in about 94% of patients. However, failure or recurrence may occur. Its place therefore remains marginal in the treatment of the lateralized PAHs.