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20/11/2018
Remittance of medals

Aude PANATIER receives her bronze medal from Nathalie Leresche (Charge de mission pour les Neurosciences, Institut des Sciences Biologiques du CNRS (INSB)) and Younis Hermés (Délégué Régional CNRS Aquitaine). more information here: https://youtu.be/D9BfK673oUE the video dedicates to Aude https://youtu.be/D9BfK673oUE





Collaboration Team Beyeler in Nature:
Dopamine modulates medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) activity to mediate diverse behavioural functions. However, the precise circuit computations remain unknown. One potentially unifying model by which dopamine may underlie a diversity of functions is by modulating the signal-to-noise ratio in subpopulations of mPFC neurons. Here we demonstrate that dopamine increases the signal-to-noise ratio of responses to aversive stimuli in mPFC neurons projecting to the dorsal periaqueductal grey (dPAG). This data highlight how dopamine in the mPFC can selectively route sensory information to specific downstream circuits, representing a potential circuit mechanism for valence processing.





Interview de Nora Abrous, Directeur de recherche à l'Inserm au Neurocentre Magendie à Bordeaux. Elle est notamment spécialiste en neurobiologie du développement, mémoire et système de mémoire, vieillissement cérébral, apprentissage, vulnérabilité et addictions. Elle dirige l'équipe "Neurogenèse et physiopathologie".
Émission autour du cerveau, de la mémoire et du vieillissement sur France Bleu





Le prochain congrès « Aging 2018 » se tiendra au domaine du Haut Carré à Talence du 26 au 28 septembre 2018. Il réunira les membres de la communauté neuroscientifique internationale autour d’un thème central : le vieillissement cognitif en absence de MA et l’existence de différences inter-individuelles dans l’atteinte mnésique au cours de l’âge.

Invitant : Bordeaux Neurocampus, Gwenaelle Catheline, Aline Marighetto, Nora Abrous
L’inscription est obligatoire pour toute personne participant ou assistant au Congrès. La soumission d’un abstract ne peut se faire qu’après inscription. Le colloque accueillera un maximum de 280 personnes. Les participants sont tenus d'être présents durant les 3 jours.






Beau succès pour le congrès Aging co-organisé par Nora Abrous, Aline Marighetto et Gwenaelle Catherine pour faire le point sur les dernières découvertes concernant le vieillissement cognitif.






Team “Neurogenesis and pathophysiology”. Neurocentre Magendie / Bordeaux Neurocampus:

The dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus is one of the few mammalian brain structures where neurogenesis is maintained throughout the lifetime of individuals. Indeed the dentate granule cells (GCs), the main neuronal cell type in the DG, are generated via several distinct phases occurring during late embryogenesis, the early postnatal life, the juvenile period and throughout adulthood. Because of this continuous addition of new cells, the DG appears as a heterogeneous structure composed of different populations of granule neurons. Whether these different populations have similar or distinct structural and functional properties is still a matter of debate. Surprisingly, although most dentate GCs are generated during development, little was known about their properties compared to adult-born neurons. Nevertheless, it was generally admitted that these populations are morphologically indistinguishable once mature. However a detailed and extensive analysis of developmentally-born neurons was lacking for proper comparison.


In this study, we used in vivo electroporation to label dentate GCs generated in mouse embryos (E14.5) or in neonates (P0) and followed their morphological development up to 6 months after birth. Importantly, we highlight for the first time major morphological differences with GCs born during the juvenile period (P21) or during adulthood (P84). Importantly, we also identified different morphological parameters that can be used to predict the birthdate of granule neurons in adult brain sections. In addition, our data indicate that two other poorly studied populations of GCs in the DG, the semilunar and hilar granule cells are generated during the embryonic and the neonatal periods respectively. Thus, our findings provide new insights into the development of the different populations of granule neurons in the DG and open new questions regarding their function in the brain. Indeed, the dendritic tree determines the amount and specificity of inputs a neuron receives and is involved in sophisticated signal processing and neural computation. Consequently, mature dentate GCs born at embryonic, neonatal or adult stages might contribute differently to hippocampal function. Future analyses of the inputs and functional properties of the different populations of GCs using in vivo electroporation might help to address this controversial question.(Pictures : Thomas Kerloch, Nora Abrous, Emilie Pacary)

Dentate Granule Neurons Generated During Perinatal Life Display Distinct Morphological Features Compared With Later-Born Neurons in the Mouse Hippocampus. Thomas Kerloch, Solène Clavreul, Adeline Goron, Djoher Nora Abrous, Emilie Pacary. Cereb Cortex. 2018 Sep 12. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhy224.





L'article Hippocampal CB1 Receptors Control Incidental Associations, une collaboration Bordeaux Neurocampus a fait l'objet d'un abstract video publié sur la chaine de Neuron, à voir ici : https://youtu.be/1qF2NUBylhA





Busquets-Garcia A, Oliveira da Cruz J, Terral G, Pagano Zottola AC, Soria-Gómez E, Contini A, Martin H, Redon B, Varilh M, Ioannidou C, Drago F, Massa F, Fioramonti X, Trifilieff P, Ferreira G*, Marsicano G* (2018).Hippocampal CB1 receptors control incidental associations. Neuron https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2018.08.014





Le travail des AP du centre a fait l'objet d'une interview publiée dans le N° du mois d'aout de la lettre Objectif Santé & Sécurité de l'Inserm.
Lire l'interview en page 3.





En page 6 du magazine, Émilie décrit ses découvertes sur le rôle de la protéine CaMKII dans la modulation de la migration neuronale. L'article peut être consulté ici : https://fr.calameo.com/read/005154450616c517dbd2a