Neurocentre Magendie



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9 publication(s) depuis Mai 2012:

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12/11/2016 | Brain Behav Immun   IF 5.9
Selective dentate gyrus disruption causes memory impairment at the early stage of experimental multiple sclerosis.
Planche V, Panatier A, Hiba B, Ducourneau EG, Raffard G, Dubourdieu N, Maitre M, Leste-Lasserre T, Brochet B, Dousset V, Desmedt A, Oliet SH, Tourdias T

Memory impairment is an early and disabling manifestation of multiple sclerosis whose anatomical and biological substrates are still poorly understood. We thus investigated whether memory impairment encountered at the early stage of the disease could be explained by a differential vulnerability of particular hippocampal subfields. By using experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a mouse model of multiple sclerosis, we identified that early memory impairment was associated with selective alteration of the dentate gyrus as pinpointed in vivo with diffusion-tensor-imaging (DTI). Neuromorphometric analyses and electrophysiological recordings confirmed dendritic degeneration, alteration in glutamatergic synaptic transmission and impaired long-term synaptic potentiation selectively in the dentate gyrus, but not in CA1, together with a more severe pattern of microglial activation in this subfield. Systemic injections of the microglial inhibitor minocycline prevented DTI, morphological, electrophysiological and behavioral impairments in EAE-mice. Furthermore, daily infusions of minocycline specifically within the dentate gyrus were sufficient to prevent memory impairment in EAE-mice while infusions of minocycline within CA1 were inefficient. We conclude that early memory impairment in EAE is due to a selective disruption of the dentate gyrus associated with microglia activation. These results open new pathophysiological, imaging, and therapeutic perspectives for memory impairment in multiple sclerosis.

27/10/2016 | J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry
Posterior lobules of the cerebellum and information processing speed at various stages of multiple sclerosis.
Moroso A, Ruet A, Lamargue-Hamel D, Munsch F, Deloire M, Coupe P, Ouallet JC, Planche V, Moscufo N, Meier DS, Tourdias T, Guttmann CR, Dousset V, Brochet B

BACKGROUND: Cerebellar damage has been implicated in information processing speed (IPS) impairment associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) that might result from functional disconnection in the frontocerebellar loop. Structural alterations in individual posterior lobules, in which cognitive functioning seems preponderant, are still unknown. Our aim was to investigate the impact of grey matter (GM) volume alterations in lobules VI to VIIIb on IPS in persons with clinically isolated syndrome (PwCIS), MS (PwMS) and healthy subjects (HS). METHODS: 69 patients (37 PwCIS, 32 PwMS) and 36 HS underwent 3 T MRI including 3-dimensional T1-weighted MRIs. Cerebellum lobules were segmented using SUIT V.3.0 to estimate their normalised GM volume. Neuropsychological testing was performed to assess IPS and main cognitive functions. RESULTS: Normalised GM volumes were significantly different between PwMS and HS for the right (p<0.001) and left lobule VI (p<0.01), left crus I, right VIIb and entire cerebellum (p<0.05 for each comparison) and between PwMS and PwCIS for all lobules in subregions VI and left crus I (p<0.05). IPS, attention and working memory were impaired in PwMS compared with PwCIS. In the whole population of patients (PwMS and PwCIS), GM loss in vermis VI (R2=0.36; p<0.05 when considering age and T2 lesion volume as covariates) were associated with IPS impairment. CONCLUSIONS: GM volume decrease in posterior lobules (especially vermis VI) was associated with reduced IPS. Our results suggest a significant impact of posterior lobules pathology in corticocerebellar loop disruption resulting in automation and cognitive optimisation lack in MS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrail NCT01207856, NCT01865357; Pre-results.

25/10/2016 | Mult Scler   IF 4.5
Hippocampal microstructural damage correlates with memory impairment in clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis.
Planche V, Ruet A, Coupe P, Lamargue-Hamel D, Deloire M, Pereira B, Manjon JV, Munsch F, Moscufo N, Meier DS, Guttmann CR, Dousset V, Brochet B, Tourdias T

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) could reveal early hippocampal damage and clinically relevant correlates of memory impairment in persons with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A total of 37 persons with CIS, 32 with MS and 36 controls prospectively included from 2011 to 2014 were tested for cognitive performances and scanned with 3T-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess volumetric and DTI changes within the hippocampus, whole brain volume and T2-lesion load. RESULTS: While there was no hippocampal atrophy in the CIS group, hippocampal fractional anisotropy (FA) was significantly decreased compared to controls. Decrease in hippocampal FA together with increased mean diffusivity (MD) was even more prominent in MS patients. In CIS, hippocampal MD was correlated with episodic verbal memory performance (r = -0.57, p = 0.0002 and odds ratio (OR) = 0.058, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.0057-0.59, p = 0.016 adjusted for age, gender, depression and T2-lesion load), but not with cognitive tasks unrelated to hippocampal functions. Hippocampal MD was the only variable discriminating memory-impaired from memory-preserved persons with CIS (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.77, sensitivity = 90.0%, specificity = 70.3%, positive predictive value (PPV) = 52.9%, negative predictive value (NPV) = 95.0%). CONCLUSION: DTI alterations within the hippocampus might reflect early neurodegenerative processes that are correlated with episodic memory performance, discriminating persons with CIS according to their memory status.

2016 | Eur Neurol   IF 1.4
Who Performs Lumbar Puncture, How Many Do They Perform, How and Why? A Retrospective Study of 6,594 Cases.
Moisset X, Ruet A, Brochet B, Planche V, Jaffeux P, Gilleron V, Ong N, Clavelou P

BACKGROUND: The number and indications of lumbar punctures (LPs) performed nowadays are unknown. The primary aim of this work was to report the number of LPs performed in each of the departments of 2 French university hospitals, their indications and the prevalence of atraumatic spinal needles used. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of all the LPs performed in 2014. The clinical department in which the intervention was performed and the final diagnosis was made from the Medical Information Department. The type of needles (cutting or atraumatic) used during the study period was also available. RESULTS: In 2014, 6,594 LPs were performed. Overall, 80% were performed for diagnostic purposes. Twenty percent of these LPs were performed in the Neurology Department and were usually carried out at routine check-ups. Overall, atraumatic needles were used in 8.0% of cases. Overall, 1.4 LPs per 100 hospital stays were performed and 0.8 LP for 100 Emergency department admissions. CONCLUSION: LP is a routine procedure for many clinicians and although neurologists perform the largest number of LPs, they are doing only one fifth of all procedures. Atraumatic needles are underused.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have investigated the differences in cognitive skills between the three subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS) and they confounded the course of the disease with the duration of the disease and the physical disability. Moreover, they were not population based. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of cognitive testing from the database of a French programme for MS care. The pattern and the frequency of cognitive impairment in secondary progressive (SP), primary progressive (PP) and late relapsing-remitting (LRR, disease duration of more than 10 years) MS were compared. RESULTS: A total of 101 patients with MS (41 LRRMS, 37 SPMS, 23 PPMS) were included. 63.0% had a significant cognitive impairment. After controlling for age, sex, Expanded Disability Status Scale, disease duration and education level, patients with SPMS were at least 2-fold more frequently impaired than patients with LLRMS in information processing speed (P = 0.005), executive functions (P = 0.04), verbal fluency (P = 0.02), verbal episodic memory (P = 0.04), working memory (P = 0.02) and visuospatial construction (P = 0.01). The number of patients with at least one or two deficient cognitive domain(s) was higher in the SPMS group than in the LRRMS group (P = 0.002 and P < 0.001). Patients with PPMS were more frequently impaired in verbal fluency (P = 0.046) than patients with LRRMS and they more often presented at least one impaired cognitive domain (P = 0.03). SPMS and PPMS groups differed only for visuospatial construction (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: In this population-based study, patients with a progressive subtype of MS were more frequently and more severely impaired than patients with RRMS, even after more than 10 years of disease.

08/01/2015 | Cephalalgia   IF 6.1
An unusual case of CSF leak following post-traumatic rupture of a sacral meningeal cyst.
Planche V, Dousset V, Ouallet JC, Tourdias T


06/2014 | cerebellum   IF 2.4
Intravenous immunoglobulin and rituximab for cerebellar ataxia with glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies.
Planche V, Marques A, Ulla M, Ruivard M, Durif F

Cerebellar ataxia associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies (GAD-ab) is a rare and usually slow progressive disease with moderate to severe gait and limb ataxia, dysarthria, and nystagmus. The treatment for this condition is still being discussed. We report the cases of three patients with GAD-ab cerebellar ataxia treated successively with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) and rituximab. Symptoms improved in one case after rituximab therapy and were stabilized in another after a combined therapy of IVIg and rituximab. The third patient continued to worsen despite these treatments. We conclude that IVIg and rituximab therapy could improve or stabilize GAD-ab cerebellar ataxia. Early treatment, the lack of cerebellar atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging, and a subacute onset of the symptoms could be decisive prognostic factors.

01/2014 | Cephalalgia   IF 6.1
Sturge-Weber syndrome with late onset hemiplegic migraine-like attacks and progressive unilateral cerebral atrophy.
Planche V, Chassin O, Leduc L, Regnier W, Kelly A, Colamarino R

BACKGROUND: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is an uncommon etiology of hemiplegic migraine-like (HM-like) attacks, associated with epilepsy and mental retardation. CASE: We report the case of a 40-year-old woman with SWS who has been suffering from HM-like episodes since she was 24, with no history of seizure or mental retardation. Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI)-MRI and CT scans have shown bilateral calcifications of the choroidal plexuses, a developmental venous anomaly with dilated transmedullary veins and a left parieto-occipital leptomeningeal angioma. (18)F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET/CT revealed a diffuse left-hemisphere hypometabolism. The comparison between the MRI performed at the age of 24 and the one performed at the age of 40 highlighted a progressive unilateral fronto-temporo-parietal atrophy. Surprisingly, even now, cognitive functions of this patient are relatively preserved. Lamotrigine permitted an improvement of HM-like attacks. DISCUSSION: Explanations for this minimally symptomatic form of SWS may be the absence of seizure, the importance of her deep venous drainage, the absence of cortical calcification and white matter impairment in the affected hemisphere, and, paradoxically, the severely asymmetric cortical metabolism. Furthermore, this case reinforces the hypothesis that alteration of cerebral hemodynamics could precipitate the cortical spreading depression giving rise to migraine with aura. CONCLUSION: We propose to consider SWS as a cause of apparently isolated hemiplegic migraine and lamotrigine as a preventive medication in HM-like attacks.

05/2012 | ann hum genet   IF 1.9
Relevance of SOX17 variants for hypomyelinating leukodystrophies and congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT).
Combes P*, Planche v*, Planche V, Eymard-Pierre E, Sarret C, Rodriguez D, Boespflug-Tanguy O, Vaurs-Barriere C

The SRY-BOX17 gene (SOX17) encodes a transcription factor playing a key role in different developmental processes including endoderm formation, cardiac myogenesis, kidney/urinary development and differentiation of oligodendrocytes, the brain myelinating cells. In a candidate gene approach, we analyzed the SOX17 gene in hypomyelinating leukodystrophies (HL) characterized by a permanent deficit in the amount of central nervous system myelin. Five genes are involved in the aetiology of HL but 40% of HL remains without known genetic origin (UHL). New sequence variations in SOX17 were identified but all correspond to nonpathogenic variants, suggesting that SOX17 is not involved in UHL phenotype. In one patient, we identified the c.775T>A (p.Tyr259Asn) variation already reported as causative of congenital kidney and urinary tract abnormalities (CAKUT). Nevertheless, since our patient did not present such a phenotype, we propose that this variant may alternatively represent an 'at-risk' allele for CAKUT rather than a causative allele. This observation strengthens the idea that caution must be taken when linking genetic variation to disease, especially in discrete phenotypes such as CAKUT.