Neurocentre Magendie

Aurélie RUET


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22 publication(s) depuis Mars 2010:

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04/2017 | cerebellum   IF 2.4
Cerebellar Assessment in Early Multiple Sclerosis.
Moroso A, Ruet A, Deloire M, Lamargue-Hamel D, Cubizolle S, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Brochet B

Cerebellar impairment is frequent and predictive of disability in multiple sclerosis (MS). The Nine-Hole Peg Test (NHPT) is commonly used to assess cerebellar symptoms despite its lack of specificity for cerebellar ataxia. Eye-tracking is a reliable test for identifying subtle cerebellar symptoms and could be used in clinical trials, including those involving early MS patients. To evaluate, by the use of eye-tracking, the accuracy of the NHPT in detecting subtle cerebellar symptoms in patients with clinically isolated syndrome with a high risk of conversion to MS (HR-CIS). Twenty-nine patients and 13 matched healthy controls (HC) underwent an eye-tracking protocol. Cerebellar impairment was defined by registration of saccadic intrusions or at least 10 % dysmetria in a saccadic movement recording. These criteria were compared to NHPT performance. Sixteen patients fulfilled saccadic criteria for cerebellar impairment. NHPT performance was significantly increased in HR-CIS patients (p < 0.01) versus HC. However, NHPT performance did not differ between cerebellar and non-cerebellar groups. NHPT performance with the dominant hand could differentiate patients, particularly cerebellar patients, from HC, but it could not discriminate cerebellar from non-cerebellar patients who were classified according to saccadic criteria. These findings should be considered in future clinical trials involving HR-CIS patients.

2017 | PLoS ONE   IF 3.1
Double-Blind Controlled Randomized Trial of Cyclophosphamide versus Methylprednisolone in Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis.
Brochet B, Deloire MS, Perez P, Loock T, Baschet L, Debouverie M, Pittion S, Ouallet JC, Clavelou P, de Seze J, Collongues N, Vermersch P, Zephir H, Castelnovo G, Labauge P, Lebrun C, Cohen M, Ruet A

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic options are limited in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). Open-label studies suggested efficacy of monthly IV cyclophosphamide (CPM) without induction for delaying progression but no randomized trial was conducted so far. OBJECTIVE: To compare CPM to methylprednisolone (MP) in SPMS. METHODS: Randomized, double-blind clinical trial on two parallel groups. Patient with SPMS, with a documented worsening of the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score during the last year and an EDSS score between 4.0 and 6.5 were recruited and received one intravenous infusion of treatment (CPM: 750 mg /m2 body surface area-MP: 1g) every four weeks for one year, and every eight weeks for the second year. The primary endpoint was the time to EDSS deterioration, when confirmed sixteen weeks later, analyzed using a Cox model. RESULTS: Due to recruitment difficulties, the study was terminated prematurely after 138 patients were included (CPM, n = 72; MP, n = 66). In the CPM group, 33 patients stopped treatment prematurely, mainly due to tolerability, compared with 22 in the MP group. Primary endpoint: the hazard ratio for EDSS deterioration in the CPM in comparison with the MP group was 0.61 [95% CI: 0.31-1.22](p = 0.16). According to the secondary multistate model analysis, patients in the CPM group were 2.2 times more likely ([1.14-4.29]; p = 0.02) to discontinue treatment than those in the MP group and 2.7 times less likely (HR = 0.37, 95% CI: 0.17-0.84; p = 0.02) to experience disability progression when they did not stop treatment prematurely. Safety profile was as expected. CONCLUSION: Although the primary end-point was negative, secondary analysis suggested that CPM decreases the risk of progression in SPMS, but its use may be limited by low tolerability. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT00241254.

27/10/2016 | J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry
Posterior lobules of the cerebellum and information processing speed at various stages of multiple sclerosis.
Moroso A, Ruet A, Lamargue-Hamel D, Munsch F, Deloire M, Coupe P, Ouallet JC, Planche V, Moscufo N, Meier DS, Tourdias T, Guttmann CR, Dousset V, Brochet B

BACKGROUND: Cerebellar damage has been implicated in information processing speed (IPS) impairment associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) that might result from functional disconnection in the frontocerebellar loop. Structural alterations in individual posterior lobules, in which cognitive functioning seems preponderant, are still unknown. Our aim was to investigate the impact of grey matter (GM) volume alterations in lobules VI to VIIIb on IPS in persons with clinically isolated syndrome (PwCIS), MS (PwMS) and healthy subjects (HS). METHODS: 69 patients (37 PwCIS, 32 PwMS) and 36 HS underwent 3 T MRI including 3-dimensional T1-weighted MRIs. Cerebellum lobules were segmented using SUIT V.3.0 to estimate their normalised GM volume. Neuropsychological testing was performed to assess IPS and main cognitive functions. RESULTS: Normalised GM volumes were significantly different between PwMS and HS for the right (p<0.001) and left lobule VI (p<0.01), left crus I, right VIIb and entire cerebellum (p<0.05 for each comparison) and between PwMS and PwCIS for all lobules in subregions VI and left crus I (p<0.05). IPS, attention and working memory were impaired in PwMS compared with PwCIS. In the whole population of patients (PwMS and PwCIS), GM loss in vermis VI (R2=0.36; p<0.05 when considering age and T2 lesion volume as covariates) were associated with IPS impairment. CONCLUSIONS: GM volume decrease in posterior lobules (especially vermis VI) was associated with reduced IPS. Our results suggest a significant impact of posterior lobules pathology in corticocerebellar loop disruption resulting in automation and cognitive optimisation lack in MS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrail NCT01207856, NCT01865357; Pre-results.

25/10/2016 | Mult Scler   IF 4.5
Hippocampal microstructural damage correlates with memory impairment in clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis.
Planche V, Ruet A, Coupe P, Lamargue-Hamel D, Deloire M, Pereira B, Manjon JV, Munsch F, Moscufo N, Meier DS, Guttmann CR, Dousset V, Brochet B, Tourdias T

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) could reveal early hippocampal damage and clinically relevant correlates of memory impairment in persons with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A total of 37 persons with CIS, 32 with MS and 36 controls prospectively included from 2011 to 2014 were tested for cognitive performances and scanned with 3T-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess volumetric and DTI changes within the hippocampus, whole brain volume and T2-lesion load. RESULTS: While there was no hippocampal atrophy in the CIS group, hippocampal fractional anisotropy (FA) was significantly decreased compared to controls. Decrease in hippocampal FA together with increased mean diffusivity (MD) was even more prominent in MS patients. In CIS, hippocampal MD was correlated with episodic verbal memory performance (r = -0.57, p = 0.0002 and odds ratio (OR) = 0.058, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.0057-0.59, p = 0.016 adjusted for age, gender, depression and T2-lesion load), but not with cognitive tasks unrelated to hippocampal functions. Hippocampal MD was the only variable discriminating memory-impaired from memory-preserved persons with CIS (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.77, sensitivity = 90.0%, specificity = 70.3%, positive predictive value (PPV) = 52.9%, negative predictive value (NPV) = 95.0%). CONCLUSION: DTI alterations within the hippocampus might reflect early neurodegenerative processes that are correlated with episodic memory performance, discriminating persons with CIS according to their memory status.

2016 | Eur Neurol   IF 1.4
Who Performs Lumbar Puncture, How Many Do They Perform, How and Why? A Retrospective Study of 6,594 Cases.
Moisset X, Ruet A, Brochet B, Planche V, Jaffeux P, Gilleron V, Ong N, Clavelou P

BACKGROUND: The number and indications of lumbar punctures (LPs) performed nowadays are unknown. The primary aim of this work was to report the number of LPs performed in each of the departments of 2 French university hospitals, their indications and the prevalence of atraumatic spinal needles used. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of all the LPs performed in 2014. The clinical department in which the intervention was performed and the final diagnosis was made from the Medical Information Department. The type of needles (cutting or atraumatic) used during the study period was also available. RESULTS: In 2014, 6,594 LPs were performed. Overall, 80% were performed for diagnostic purposes. Twenty percent of these LPs were performed in the Neurology Department and were usually carried out at routine check-ups. Overall, atraumatic needles were used in 8.0% of cases. Overall, 1.4 LPs per 100 hospital stays were performed and 0.8 LP for 100 Emergency department admissions. CONCLUSION: LP is a routine procedure for many clinicians and although neurologists perform the largest number of LPs, they are doing only one fifth of all procedures. Atraumatic needles are underused.

15/12/2015 | J Neurol Sci   IF 2.1
Cognitive evaluation by tasks in a virtual reality environment in multiple sclerosis.
Lamargue-Hamel D, Deloire M, Saubusse A, Ruet A, Taillard J, Philip P, Brochet B

BACKGROUND: The assessment of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) requires large neuropsychological batteries that assess numerous domains. The relevance of these assessments to daily cognitive functioning is not well established. Cognitive ecological evaluation has not been frequently studied in MS. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the interest of cognitive evaluation in a virtual reality environment in a sample of persons with MS with cognitive deficits. METHODS: Thirty persons with MS with at least moderate cognitive impairment were assessed with two ecological evaluations, an in-house developed task in a virtual reality environment (Urban DailyCog(R)) and a divided attention task in a driving simulator. Classical neuropsychological testing was also used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Fifty-two percent of the persons with MS failed the driving simulator task and 80% failed the Urban DailyCog(R). Virtual reality assessments are promising in identifying cognitive impairment in MS.

BACKGROUND: The independent prognostic value of cerebrospinal fluid analysis in multiple sclerosis is not established. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of intrathecal synthesis in a cohort of patients with relapsing-onset MS taking into consideration demographic and imaging parameters. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study conducted from 1993 to 2013, we analyzed the time to confirmed disability (persistent above 6 months) and irreversible disability (persistent for the entire disease course) of two disability milestones, Expanded Disability Status Scale score >/= 4 or 6, and the time to secondary progressive onset in 579 patients with relapsing-onset multiple sclerosis. Demographic parameters (age at onset, gender) and imaging parameters (periventricular lesions) were included in the Cox models. RESULTS: 447 patients (77.2%) had intrathecal synthesis (oligoclonal bands and/or increased immunoglobulin G index value). No statistically significant relation was found between intrathecal synthesis and the time to reach each disability milestone or secondary progressive onset. An age older than 40 years and more than 3 periventricular lesions predicted a worse prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Cerebrospinal fluid analysis did not predict the time to disability milestones in relapsing-onset multiple sclerosis independently of age and imaging data.

07/2015 | J Neurol   IF 3.4
Isolated tumefactive demyelinating lesions: diagnosis and long-term evolution of 16 patients in a multicentric study.
Siri A, Carra-Dalliere C, Ayrignac X, Pelletier J, Audoin B, Pittion-Vouyovitch S, Debouverie M, Lionnet C, Viala F, Sablot D, Brassat D, Ouallet JC, Ruet A, Brochet B, Taillandier L, Bauchet L, Derache N, Defer G, Cabre P, de Seze J, Lebrun Frenay C, Cohen M, Labauge P

Isolated tumefactive demyelinating lesion (TDL) is a rare disease and a challenging entity especially for the differential diagnosis, biopsy indications, and therapeutic decisions. Long-term evolution is not well known. The objective of the study is to describe clinical and MRI characteristics and long-term follow-up of patients with isolated TDL. We performed a retrospective study including patients (1) with one TDL radiologically defined by a >/=20 mm FLAIR hyperintensity involving the white matter associated with T1 hypointensity that enhanced after gadolinium injection and (2) without any other MS lesion on the first MRI. Tumor, abscess, or other inflammatory diseases (ADEM, Balo's concentric sclerosis, systemic disease) were excluded. Sixteen patients (11 females/5 males) were included. The mean age of onset was 35.7 years (range 20-65). MRI disclosed supratentorial lesions with a mean size of 39.4 mm and usually mild edema/mass effect. Peripheral (mainly open-ring pattern) and central (mainly heterogeneous) enhancement were respectively seen in 9/16 and 11/16 patients. CSF study (n = 15) found oligoclonal bands (OCB) in seven. A cerebral biopsy was performed in 11 cases showing acute inflammatory demyelination. Thirteen patients were treated by pulse steroids with marked improvement in ten. At last clinical follow-up (mean 65.8 months, range 6-181), diagnosis was MS in 5 (31 %), isolated TDL in 10 (63 %) and one patient had a second TDL (6 %). Isolated tumefactive demyelinating lesions are a rare diagnostic entity. After a mean follow-up of 5 years, almost one-third became MS whereas most of the patients had no further event.

03/2015 | AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
MS lesions are better detected with 3D T1 gradient-echo than with 2D T1 spin-echo gadolinium-enhanced imaging at 3T.
Crombe A, Saranathan M, Ruet A, Durieux M, de Roquefeuil E, Ouallet JC, Brochet B, Dousset V, Tourdias T

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In multiple sclerosis, gadolinium enhancement is used to classify lesions as active. Regarding the need for a standardized and accurate method for detection of multiple sclerosis activity, we compared 2D-spin-echo with 3D-gradient-echo T1WI for the detection of gadolinium-enhancing MS lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with MS were prospectively imaged at 3T by using both 2D-spin-echo and 3D-gradient recalled-echo T1WI in random order after the injection of gadolinium. Blinded and independent evaluation was performed by a junior and a senior reader to count gadolinium-enhancing lesions and to characterize their location, size, pattern of enhancement, and the relative contrast between enhancing lesions and the adjacent white matter. Finally, the SNR and relative contrast of gadolinium-enhancing lesions were computed for both sequences by using simulations. RESULTS: Significantly more gadolinium-enhancing lesions were reported on 3D-gradient recalled-echo than on 2D-spin-echo (n = 59 versus n = 30 for the junior reader, P = .021; n = 77 versus n = 61 for the senior reader, P = .017). The difference between the 2 readers was significant on 2D-spin-echo (P = .044), for which images were less reproducible (kappa = 0.51) than for 3D-gradient recalled-echo (kappa = 0.65). Further comparisons showed that there were statistically more small lesions (<5 mm) on 3D-gradient recalled-echo than on 2D-spin-echo (P = .04), while other features were similar. Theoretic results from simulations predicted SNR and lesion contrast for 3D-gradient recalled-echo to be better than for 2D-spin-echo for visualization of small enhancing lesions and were, therefore, consistent with clinical observations. CONCLUSIONS: At 3T, 3D-gradient recalled-echo provides a higher detection rate of gadolinium-enhancing lesions, especially those with smaller size, with a better reproducibility; this finding suggests using 3D-gradient recalled-echo to detect MS activity, with potential impact in initiation, monitoring, and optimization of therapy.

2015 | PLoS ONE   IF 3.1
Deciphering Depressive Mood in Relapsing-Remitting and Progressive Multiple Sclerosis and Its Consequence on Quality of Life.
Lamargue Hamel D, Deloire M, Ruet A, Charre-Morin J, Saubusse A, Ouallet JC, Brochet B

BACKGROUND: Depressive mood and other emotional symptoms are common in multiple sclerosis (MS). The patient-reported outcome version of the 'Echelle d'Humeur Depressive' (EHD-PRO) aims to differentiate between two dimensions of depressive mood in people living with MS (PwMS). OBJECTIVES: First, to compare EHD-PRO assessment and its two dimensions, lack of emotional control and emotional blunting, between a large sample of healthy controls (HCs) and two samples of PwMS, relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and primary progressive MS (PPMS); and second, to analyse the relationships between EHD-PRO scores with neurological disability, cognitive function, fatigue and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). RESULTS: Regardless of their phenotype, PwMS had significantly higher EHD-PRO scores than HCs. EHD-PRO scores did not differ between the two MS groups. EHD-PRO scores did not correlate with disability and fatigue scores, disease duration or cognitive z scores. In RRMS, the lack of emotional control was independently associated with a decrease in HR-QOL. CONCLUSION: The EHD-PRO is able to easily detect depressive mood and to differentiate between two clinical dimensions, emotional blunting and lack of emotional control. The scale is sensitive and seems robust to confounding factors. Lack of emotional control seems to contribute significantly to altered HR-QOL in RRMS.