Neurocentre Magendie

Katy LE CORF




ITA

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Cursus:
Postdoctorat en Immunologie/Cancérologie - Montréal (2013)
Ingénieur de Recherche en Immunothérapie anti-tumorale - Rennes (2011-2012)
Doctorat en Biologie Moléculaire, Cellulaire et Oncologie - Lyon1 (2011)






3 publication(s) depuis Octobre 2010:


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01/01/2015 | physiol rep
Low glucose microenvironment of normal kidney cells stabilizes a subset of messengers involved in angiogenesis.
de Laplanche E, Boudria A, Dacheux E, Vincent A, Gadot N, Assade F, Le Corf K, Leroy X, Mege Lechevallier F, Eymin B, Dalla Venezia N, Simonnet H

Abstract:
As glucose is a mandatory nutrient for cell proliferation and renewal, it is suspected that glucose microenvironment is sensed by all cell types to regulate angiogenesis. Several glucose-sensing components have been partially described to respond to high glucose levels. However, little is known about the response to low glucose. Here, we used well-differentiated isolated normal rat renal tubules under normal oxygenation conditions to assess the angiogenic response to low glucose. In apparent paradox, but confirming observations made separately in other models, high glucose but also low glucose increased mRNA level of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA). A subset of mRNAs including hypoxia-inducible factor 1A (HIF1A), angiopoietin receptor (TIE-2), and VEGF receptor 2 (FLK1) were similarly glucose-sensitive and responded to low glucose by increased stability independently of HIF1A and HIF2A proteins. These results contribute to gain some insights as to how normal cells response to low glucose may play a role in the tumor microenvironment.




03/07/2013 | J Natl Cancer Inst
MyD88 in DNA repair and cancer cell resistance to genotoxic drugs.
Kfoury A, Le Corf K, El Sabeh R, Journeaux A, Badran B, Hussein N, Lebecque S, Manie S, Renno T, Coste I

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: MyD88 is an adaptor molecule in Toll-like receptor and interleukin 1 receptor signaling implicated in tumorigenesis through proinflammatory mechanisms. We have recently reported that MyD88 also directly promotes optimal activation of the Ras/Erk pathway. Here we investigate MyD88 implication in the maintenance of the transformation of Ras-dependent tumors. METHODS: RNA interference was used to inhibit MyD88 expression in the colon cancer cell lines HCT116 and LS513. Apoptosis, DNA damage, p53 function, ERCC1 levels, and Ras and inflammatory signaling pathways were analyzed. Using in vitro assays and xenotransplantation in nude mice (five per group), HCT116 tumor growth was assessed following MyD88 knockdown in presence or absence of chemotherapy. RESULTS: MyD88 exerts antiapoptotic functions in colon cancer cells via the Ras/Erk, but not the NF-kappaB, pathway. MyD88 inhibition leads to defective ERCC1-dependent DNA repair and to accumulation of DNA damage, resulting in cancer cell death via p53. Furthermore, we show that knocking down MyD88 sensitizes cancer cells to genotoxic agents such as platinum salts in vitro and in vivo. Indeed, HCT116 tumor growth following treatment with a combination of suboptimal MyD88 inhibition and suboptimal doses of cisplatin (fold tumor increase = 5.4 +/- 1.6) was statistically significantly reduced in comparison to treatment with doxycycline alone (12.4 +/- 3.1) or with cisplatin alone (12.5 +/- 2.6) (P = .005 for both, one-sided Student t test). CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these results indicate a novel and original link between inflammation, DNA repair, and cancer, and provide further rationale for MyD88 as a potential therapeutic target in Ras-dependent cancers, in the context of concomitant genotoxic chemotherapy.




10/2010 | J Clin Invest   IF 12.6
Dual function of MyD88 in RAS signaling and inflammation, leading to mouse and human cell transformation.
Coste I, Le Corf K, Kfoury A, Hmitou I, Druillennec S, Hainaut P, Eychene A, Lebecque S, Renno T

Abstract:
Accumulating evidence points to inflammation as a promoter of carcinogenesis. MyD88 is an adaptor molecule in TLR and IL-1R signaling that was recently implicated in tumorigenesis through proinflammatory mechanisms. Here we have shown that MyD88 is also required in a cell-autonomous fashion for RAS-mediated carcinogenesis in mice in vivo and for MAPK activation and transformation in vitro. Mechanistically, MyD88 bound to the key MAPK, Erk, and prevented its inactivation by its phosphatase, MKP3, thereby amplifying the activation of the canonical RAS pathway. The relevance of this mechanism to human neoplasia was suggested by the finding that MyD88 was overexpressed and interacted with activated Erk in primary human cancer tissues. Collectively, these results show that in addition to its role in inflammation, MyD88 plays what we believe to be a crucial direct role in RAS signaling, cell-cycle control, and cell transformation.